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1. General term for enzymes transferring a phosphoryl group to some organic acceptor, hence belonging to the transferases.
2. Specifically, enzymes that release a single glucosyl residue from a polyglucose as d-glucose 1-phosphate, the phosphate coming from orthophosphate; for example, phosphophorylase, sucrose phosphorylases, cellobiose phosphorylases.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intracellular localization of phosphorylases in spinach and pea leaves.
Transitory starch in the source leaf is degraded by starch degrading enzymes including amylase and starch phosphorylase.
The starch degrading enzymes, amylase and starch phosphorylase, have been associated with transitory starch breakdown, but these had identical activities in his and normal-leaf plants, and identical native PAGE banding patterns.
In muscle cells, for example, an enzyme called phosphorylase releases stored energy.
Kinetic properties of two starch phosphorylases from pea seeds.
20], which hydrolyzes maltose and other oligosaccharides to glucose, and starch phosphorylase (1,4-[Alpha]-D-glucan: orthophosphate [Alpha]-D-glucosyltransferase) [EC 2.
3] conjugated to glycogen phosphorylase b (GPb) from rabbit muscle.
3] displacement without interfering with the phosphorylase assay.

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