distemper

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distemper

 [dis-tem´per]
a name for several infectious diseases of animals, especially canine distemper, a highly fatal viral disease of dogs, marked by fever, loss of appetite, and a discharge from the nose and eyes.

distemper

(dĭs-tĕm′pər)
n.
1. Any of various infectious diseases of animals, especially:
2. An illness or disease; an ailment: "He died ... of a broken heart, a distemper which kills many more than is generally imagined" (Henry Fielding).
3. Ill humor; testiness.
4. Disorder or disturbance, especially of a social or political nature.
tr.v. distem·pered, distem·pering, distem·pers
1. To put out of order.
2. Archaic To unsettle; derange.

distemper

[distem′pər]
Etymology: L, dis, apart, temperare, to regulate
1 any mental or physical disorder or indisposition.
2 a potentially fatal viral disease of animals, characterized by rhinitis, fever, and a loss of appetite.

dis·tem·per

(dis-tem'pĕr)
The colloquial usage for canine distemper caused by an RNA virus of the genus Morbillivirus, a member of the family Paramyxoviridae.

distemper

a name for several infectious diseases of animals.

avian distemper
canine distemper
an acute virus disease of dogs caused by a morbillivirus, and characterized by high morbidity and high mortality, ocular and nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, dyspnea and seizures. In addition, some dogs develop 'hard pads' (hyperkeratosis of the footpads), persistent muscle twitches (chorea), optic neuritis and later retinal atrophy, enamel hypoplasia (distemper teeth—see below), or a chronic encephalitis. Interstitial pneumonia and demyelinating encephalomyelitis are common pathological features. Also occurs in other Canidae as well as Procyonidae, Ursidae, Mustelidae and Hyaenidae. The disease can be prevented by vaccination at a young age. Called also Carré's disease.
equine distemper
feline distemper
see feline panleukopenia.
phocine distemper
a disease first observed in European harbor seals in 1988 caused by a morbillivirus; clinical signs are similar to those of distemper.
distemper teeth
the pitted, discolored teeth that may result when young dogs are infected with distemper virus prior to the eruption of their permanent teeth. Other insults to enamel formation at this age may also be responsible for this defect.
Enlarge picture
Distemper teeth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic diversity and phylogenetic analysis of the attachment glycoprotein of phocine distemper viruses of the 2002 and 1988 epizootics.
Phocine distemper in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) from Long Island, New York.
Nucleotide sequence analysis of phocine distemper virus reveals its distinctness from canine distemper virus.
The fusion protein gene of phocine distemper virus: nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences and a comparison of morbillivirus fusion proteins.
Phocine distemper virus: characterization of the morbillivirus causing the seal epizootic in northwestern Europe in 2002.
transmission studies of cell culture-propagated phocine distemper virus in harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and a grey seal (Halichoerus grypus): clinical, virological and serological results.
The descriptive epizootiology of phocine distemper in the UK during 1988/89.
Age and sex distribution of harbor seals stranded during 2002 phocine distemper virus epidemic in the Netherlands Harbor seals No.
Phocine distemper virus 1 (PDV-1) and CDV represent two distinct but antigenetically and genetically related morbilliviruses (5).
Persistence thresholds for phocine distemper virus infection in harbour seal Phoca vitulina metapopulations.
The resulting sequences matched those of canine distemper virus and were clearly distinct from those of other members of the genus Morbillivirus, including phocine distemper virus.