phenobarbital


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phenobarbital

 [fe″no-bahr´bĭ-tal]
a long-acting barbiturate used as the base or the sodium salt as an anticonvulsant, sedative, and hypnotic.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(fē'nō-bar'bi-tahl),
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic; also available as a soluble sodium salt; also used in therapeutic management of epilepsy and induction of hepatic microsomal enzymes.

phenobarbital

/phe·no·bar·bi·tal/ (fe″no-bahr´bĭ-tal) a long-acting barbiturate, used as the base or sodium salt as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant.

phenobarbital

(fē′nō-bär′bĭ-tôl′, -tăl′)
n.
A long-acting barbiturate, C12H12N2O3, used medicinally as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant, sometimes in the form of its sodium salt.

phenobarbital

[fē′nəbär′bital]
a barbiturate anticonvulsant and sedative-hypnotic. Also called sodium phenobarbital.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of seizure disorders and as a long-acting sedative.
contraindications Porphyria, severe pain, respiratory problems, or known hypersensitivity to this drug or other barbiturates prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the most serious adverse reactions are ataxia, porphyria, paradoxic excitement, drowsiness, occasional rashes, and, rarely, blood dyscrasias. It is involved in many drug interactions.

phenobarbital

Neurology A long-acting barbiturate used as a hypnotic, sedative, hepatic enzyme inducer, anticonvulsant, given as a monotherapy for partial seizures, 2º generalized seizures; also used to treat diarrhea and to ↑ the antitumor effect of other therapies. See Seizures, Therapeutic drug.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(Pb, PB) (fē'nō-bahr'bi-tahl)
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic.
Synonym(s): phenylethylbarbituric acid, phenylethylmalonylurea.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(fē'nō-bahr'bi-tahl)
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic.

phenobarbital, phenobarbitone

a hypnotic, anticonvulsant and sedative.

Patient discussion about phenobarbital

Q. What are the Brands of Sodium-phenobarbitone drug in Bangladesh?

A. maybe this link will help-
http://www.medindia.net/doctors/drug_information/phenobarbitone.htm

if not- i recommend asking an Indian pharmacist..

More discussions about phenobarbital
References in periodicals archive ?
The pharmacokinetics of levetiracetam in healthy dogs concurrently receiving phenobarbital.
Different doses of Phenobarbital or extract with dose of 40 mg/kg administered to the animals by intraperitoneal 20 min before injection of picrotoxin (12mg/kg) n = 5.
The first publication describing our use of phenobarbital was a publication of the University of California Berkeley (Smith, Wesson & Lannon 1969).
11) Phenytoin, phenobarbital and rifampin induce all of the CYP enzymes and thus carry the potential of lowering the availability of various drugs metabolized by the system.
The anticancer efficacy of the apigenin against DEN induced and phenobarbital promoted liver cancer was evaluated in male Wistar albino rats.
Most pediatric neurologists carefully monitor such interactions by frequent measurement of the levels of medication in the bloodstream; nonetheless, antiepilepsy drugs (AEDs) such as phenobarbital and clonazepam can cause side effects including irritability, sleepiness, or difficulty maintaining sleep.
More importantly, Fraser's approach has been criticized for giving allowable limits that seem unreasonable for clinical use[14,15] Using his method, it has been determined that phenobarbital should have imprecision levels of 2.
APS) wrongfully discharged a man who took Phenobarbital and Dilantin for his epilepsy and refused to submit to a drug test as required under the company's mandatory drug and alcohol testing policy.
Instructions with their bodies indicated members mixed doses of the anti-seizure drug phenobarbital with pudding or applesauce and then drank vodka.
The director and nurse found out later that it was phenobarbital, an old seizure medication with a sedative effect.
A new study has shown a link between phenobarbital and the intelligence scores of men whose mothers took the drug during pregnancy.
Dilantin, phenobarbital, prednisone, and coumadin are examples of medications that, when withheld without tapering, have the potential to lead to serious consequences.