phantom limb


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to phantom limb: phantom limb pain, phantom limb syndrome

limb

 [lim]
1. one of the paired appendages of the body used in locomotion and grasping; see arm and leg. Called also member, membrum, and extremity.
2. a structure or part resembling an arm or leg.
anacrotic limb ascending limb (def. 2).
artificial limb a replacement for a missing limb; see also prosthesis.
ascending limb
1. the distal part of Henle's loop.
2. the ascending portion of an arterial pulse tracing; called also anacrotic limb.
catacrotic limb descending limb (def. 2).
descending limb
1. the proximal part of Henle's loop.
2. the descending portion of an arterial pulse tracing; called also catacrotic limb.
lower limb the limb of the body extending from the gluteal region to the foot; it is specialized for weight-bearing and locomotion. See also leg.
pectoral limb the arm (upper limb), or a homologous part.
pelvic limb the leg (lower limb), or a homologous part.
phantom limb the sensation, after amputation of a limb, that the absent part is still present; there may also be paresthesias, transient aches, and intermittent or continuous pain perceived as originating in the absent limb.
residual limb stump.
thoracic limb pectoral limb.
upper limb the limb of the body extending from the deltoid region to the hand; it is specialized for functions requiring great mobility, such as grasping and manipulating. See also arm.

phan·tom limb pain

the painful sensations experienced in an amputated (phantom) limb, most often the upper extremity; typically comprises burning or aching pain, exacerbated by attempted movement of the phantom limb and by emotional stimuli.

phantom limb

n.
1. A limb that is felt to be present as part of the body after having been amputated.
2. The often painful sensation of the presence of such a limb.

phan·tom limb

, phantom limb pain (fan'tŏm lim, pān)
The sensation that an amputated limb is still present, often associated with painful paresthesia.
Synonym(s): pseudesthesia (3) .

phantom limb

A powerful sense that a limb which has been amputated is still present. The effect is due to nerve impulses arising in the cut nerves in the stump. These can only be interpreted as coming from the original limb.

Phantom limb

The perception that a limb is present (and throbbing with pain) after it has been amputated.
References in periodicals archive ?
Flor H, Denke C, Schaefer M, Grusser S (2001) Effect of sensory discrimination training on cortical reorganisation and phantom limb pain.
Phantom limb pain: A review of the literature on attributes and potential mechanisms.
Numerous factors have been linked to the development of PLP that include age, cause of amputation, pain prior to amputation, time elapsed since amputation, presence of phantom limb sensations or RLP and use of prosthesis3,9-10.
A very early phantom limb pain (PLP) after lower extremity amputation.
A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial demonstrated that salmon calcitonin, administered in the immediate postoperative period, was highly effective in the treatment of phantom limb pain (18).
Gabapentin, for example, has been studied in painful diabetic neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia as well as in mixed neuropathic pain syndromes, phantom limb pain, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and pain associated with spinal cord injury.
Take Phantom Limb (all works 2003): A tree branch forces its way out of the gallery wall, supported by a cord from above and wooden "crutch" from below.
He could feel the presence of a phantom limb only in the lower arm and hand, with a gap between the stump and the elbow.
We think that tinnitus may be a sort of sensory analog to phantom limb pain," Lockwood says.
The most common childhood miseries - apart from injuries - are headache, tummy ache, the needle pokes of immunization, and those phantom limb pains known as ``growing pains.
To test this question, a design similar to that described for the staring experiment could be used in which an amputee who experiences the presence of a phantom limb could sit behind a subject an
The literature concerning painful and non-painful phantom limb phenomena was reviewed to establish our present state of understanding of the phenomena and explore avenues for future research.