531 lines 4-6): "Sum bha (spelled so) dPal mchog dbang po'i rdo rje studied sGrol ma and Phag mo at rDo rje gdan.
76) Ta'i si tu Byang chub rgyal mtshan, the most eminent Phag mo gru pa of the successive period, explains in his own words the etymology of the name Chags sdang (Si tu bka' chems in Rlangs kyi po ti bse ru p.
The slightly later Deb ther dmar po, which explains the historical orgin of these factions among the Phag mo gru pa monks, spells sPu for sPu rtogs and lDol for lDol bu (ibid p.
5b line 2): "Having thought to go to holy places, such as Tsa ri, to perform meditation that bestows spiritual attainments in a single lifetime and with a single body, [Man lung pa] went to see lHa Rin chen rgyal po at Phag ri Rin chen sgang, who bestowed Man lung upon him.
One duodenary cycle after the foundation of Gye re dgon pa he established Gye re lha khang and Phag ri Rin chen sgang in water hare 1243, together with his nye gnas 'Dam pa ri pa.
Among the different monks and headmen of Central Tibet upon whom official titles were conferred by the Ming emperors was the administrator of Phag mo gru, the Phag gru sde srid.
Regarding the later administrators of Phag mo gru the titles apparently have been confirmed by the respective emperor.
Following the Tshig mdzod chen mo the Phag mo gru administrator Ngag dbang bkra shis grags pa rgyal mtshan was directly succeeded by zhabs drung Ngag dbang grags pa.
Inscriptio and Narratio:] You, follower of the Buddha, Grags pa bkra shis rgyal mtshan, are the son of the Phag mo gru pa guanding daguoshi chanhua wang Ngag gi dbang phyug bkra shis grags pa rgyal mtshan dpal bzang po from dBus gtsang.
Not only appears this decree to be the last preserved document issued by the Ming emperor in favour of the Phag mo gru pa, but until now there turned up no later Ming document for a Tibetan recipient in general either.
However, also afterwards the Phag mo gru pa apparently kept on using the title chanhua wang and continued to send tribute missions to the Ming court.