Importantly, it was also hypothesized that pessimists
would give similar ratings to a target who revealed a positive incident, as optimists would give to a target who revealed a negative incident, thus replicating the finding that it is more difficult to make a good first impression when being evaluated by a pessimist
even if one reveals responsibility for something positive.
Personalisation: Optimists blame bad events on external factors, whereas pessimists
tend to put the blame on themselves.
Yet I increasingly think that there is indeed a fundamental two-way division in humanity, between the optimists and the pessimists
Dienstag gives us some hints as to what he has in mind--for example, he remarks that pessimists
would resist global ambitions to 'remake the world in [their] image', realizing that 'the world will hold no image at all for very long' (198)--but some more substantial treatment of such issues would be helpful, especially since Dienstag also notes that nothing should deter the pessimist
from entering 'local projects' or organizing 'small portions of the world' (198).
tended to minimize risk and make safer choices than the optimists--a trait that could work out very well in other settings, such as in the stock market, observe CMU's Bryan Gibson and Utah's David Sanbonmatsu.
WILBUR (WANTS TO KILL HIMSELF) (15): Black comedy of a pessimist
so disillusioned with life that his only thought is how to end it -but who always bungles his suicide and is rescued by his overbearing brother.
One way to prevent the pessimist
from doing damage is to give him as little to work with as possible.
According hi Seligman, a pessimist
assumes that the problem is never-ending or "stable," while the optimist believes that file problem is "temporary.
Today, the pessimist
is a hospital consultant but he's unpopular, worries constantly and has high blood pressure.
The arguments against the simplistic view that Erasmus turned into a pessimist
after 1520 (118-28 and chap.
ever discovered the secrets of the stars, or sailed to an uncharted land, or opened a new heaven to the human spirit.
Doctors put the optimist in a room of manure and the pessimist
in a room of toys.