visceral peritoneum(redirected from peritoneum viscerale)
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the layer of peritoneum investing the abdominal organs.
Synonym(s): peritoneum viscerale [TA]
a continuation of the parietal peritoneum reflected at various places over the viscera, forming a complete covering for the stomach, spleen, liver, intestines from the distal duodenum to the upper end of the rectum, uterus, and ovaries; it also partially covers some other abdominal organs. It holds the viscera in position by its folds, including the mesenteries; the omenta; and the ligaments of the liver, spleen, stomach, kidneys, bladder, and uterus. The potential space between the visceral and the parietal peritoneum is the peritoneal cavity. The general cavity communicates by the omental foramen with the bursa omentalis (or lesser peritoneal cavity).
Peritoneum that invests the abdominal organs. The peritoneum holds the viscera in place by its folds, which are called the mesentery.
See also: peritoneum