peritoneal fluid


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peritoneal fluid

a naturally produced fluid in the abdominal cavity that lubricates surfaces, thereby preventing friction between the peritoneal membrane and internal organs.

peritoneal fluid

The clear straw-colored serous fluid secreted by the cells of the peritoneum. The few milliliters present in the peritoneal cavity moisten the surfaces of the two peritoneal layers and allow them to glide over each other as the intestinal tract changes shape during the process of digestion and absorption. In certain disease states (such as right-sided heart failure, cirrhosis, or ovarian malignancy) the amount of peritoneal fluid is increased.
See: ascites
See also: fluid
References in periodicals archive ?
Since then, in women with endometriosis a number of functional changes have been observed in several immunologic components of the peritoneal fluid, as well as in the serum and the hypothesis has been advanced that deficient immunity against retrograde endometrium during menstruation may be involved in the pathophysiology of the disease (69).
While this is true, trauma US (like DPL) screens for free peritoneal fluid, thereby expediting referral for surgical intervention in an unstable patient (Fig.
Blunt trauma in children: Significance of peritoneal fluid.
Peritoneal fluid culture was positive in 42% and blood culture was positive in 16% of our patients, which is high compared with the 33.
Preoperative ultrasound scans showed no intrauterine gestations or excessive peritoneal fluid, and usually showed an adnexal mass with heterogenic echogenicity.
To the Editor A 24-month-old female with end-stage renal disease on chronic peritoneal dialysis presented with a 1-day history of cloudy peritoneal fluid without fever or abdominal pain.
Because of the diagnostic pitfalls entailed in the cytologic examination of peritoneal washings (5), some additional methods for peritoneal fluid diagnosis have been tested, including flow cytometric DNA analysis (6) and a telomerase assay (7, 8).
Other sites included the cerebral spinal fluid, pleural fluid, biliary tract, joint fluid and peritoneal fluid.
Campbell calls "the pivotal scan" can be used to exclude the presence of hydrosalpinx, adhesions, peritoneal fluid, polycystic ovaries and ovarian cysts, as well as to identify the presence of a dominant follicle of 14-18 mm.
In addition to CSF, RT-PCR for SARS-CoV was also positive in stool specimens and peritoneal fluid.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from the peritoneal fluid cultures, and ciprofloxacin was substituted for piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment regimen.
Clinical isolates of agricultural Bacillus anthracis were collected from 40 patients in Turkey; Of those, 37 had cutaneous anthrax, one came from peritoneal fluid of a patient with intestinal anthrax, one from the blood of a patient with sepsis, and one from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with meningitis.