periodontal


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Related to periodontal: periodontal disease, periodontal abscess, periodontal surgery

periodontal

 [per″e-o-don´t'l]
around a tooth; pertaining to the periodontium.
periodontal disease any disease of the periodontium, such as periodontitis or gingivitis. Sometimes it is a manifestation of a systemic disease.

per·i·o·don·tal

(per'ē-ō-don'tăl),
Around a tooth.
[peri- + G. odous, tooth]

periodontal

/peri·odon·tal/ (per″e-o-don´t'l)
1. pertaining to the periodontal ligament or periodontium.
2. near or around a tooth.

periodontal

(pĕr′ē-ə-dŏn′tl)
adj.
1. Surrounding or encasing a tooth: a periodontal ligament.
2. Relating to or affecting tissue and structures surrounding and supporting the teeth.

per′i·o·don′tal·ly adv.

periodontal

[per′ē·ōdon′təl]
Etymology: Gk, peri + odous, tooth
pertaining to the supporting structures of a tooth, including the fibrous connective tissue (periodontal membrane), cementum, alveolar bone, and gingiva.

per·i·o·don·tal

(perē-ō-dontăl )
Around a tooth.
[peri- + G. odous, tooth]

Periodontal

Pertaining to the gums.
Mentioned in: Oral Hygiene

per·i·o·don·tal

(perē-ō-dontăl )
Around a tooth.
Synonym(s): paradental, pericemental, peridental.
[peri- + G. odous, tooth]

periodontal (per´ēōdon´təl),

adj relating to the periodontium.
periodontal abscess,
n a localized area of acute or chronic inflammation found in the gingival tissues, infrabony pockets, or periodontal ligament. If it is located at the apex of the tooth, it is known as a
periapical abscess. If located between the apex and the alveolar crest, it is known as a
lateral abscess.
periodontal atrophy,
periodontal attachment loss,
n a reduction in the connective tissue attaching the root of the tooth to the alveolar bone, usually caused by persistent inflammation of the gingival and periodontal tissues.
periodontal disease,
n a group of inflammatory and infectious diseases affecting the periodontium of the teeth, with various classes noted.
periodontal disease, aggressive,
n marked by the early onset of periodontal disease that affects the gingiva and periodontal tissues. If untreated, it may result in loss of teeth.
periodontal dressing,
n a protective obtundent covering of the gingival and periodontal tissues used after periodontal surgery.
Enlarge picture
Aggressive periodontal disease.
periodontal index,
n a method for rating or ranking the severity of periodontal disease. An early index was the PMA, which ranked the number of
papillary,
marginal, and
attached gingiva affected by gingivitis. A more contemporary index is the Russell Periodontal Index (PI), which is based on a 0-to-8 score system: from negative to advanced destruction.
periodontal ligament,
n a system of collagenous connective tissue fibers that attaches the root of a tooth to its alveolus of bone by way of Sharpey's fibers. It contains blood vessels, lymph vessels, and nerves. The ligament consists of five groups of fibers: interdental, alveolar crestal, horizontal, oblique, and apical and possibly interradicular fibers if the tooth is multirooted.
periodontal pack,
periodontal pocket,
periodontal probe,
periodontal prosthesis,
Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR),
n.pr a proprietary method of briefly examining all of a patient's teeth, and recording the highest score in each of six regions of the oral cavity (mid-, mesio-, and distofacial and corresponding lingual areas). The process utilizes a blunt-tipped probe instrument and is intended to take only 2 to 3 minutes.
periodontal therapy,
periodontal treatment planning,
n the sequential arrangement of therapeutic procedures required to obtain a healthy periodontium.

periodontal

around a tooth; pertaining to the periodontium.

periodontal abscess
a localized, acute infection that may drain into the gingival pocket or directly through the gum. There is often local bone destruction. See also malar abscess.
periodontal charting
recording the periodontal indices in dental records.
periodontal disease
any disease or disorder of the periodontium. See also periodontitis and periodontosis.
periodontal fibrous hyperplasia
see periodontal fibromatous epulis.
periodontal indices
indicators of periodontal health; includes amount of plaque and calculus, changes in the gingiva, probing depth, evaluation of attachment, and grade of mobility.
periodontal ligament
the connective tissue that occupies the space between each tooth and its socket and that suspends the tooth.
periodontal pocket
a deep space between the gingiva and the crown or root of a tooth. It can be the result of hyperplasia of the gingiva (false pocket) or migration of the epithelial attachment toward the apex (true pocket).
periodontal probe
a dental instrument used to measure the depth of the periodontal pocket.
periodontal pseudopocket
gingival hyperplasia or swelling may be responsible for increased sulcus depth but the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone are normal.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Prior to the current review paper, the researchers conducted a systematic review of published population studies on the prevalence of periodontal disease.
By knowing the role of prosthetic risk factor in periodontal disease, the pathogenic mechanisms, the response of the periodontal tissue, there are underlined the ways of prevention of prosthetic risk factor and removal of their pathogenic effect.
The patient, for the first time, came to Dental Clinic four years ago, with active and advanced periodontal disease.
Now, a strong statistical relationship is recognized between poorly treated severe periodontal disease and the occurrence of cardiovascular (heart) disease.
Researchers from the Department of Oral Sciences at the Dunedin School of Medicine in New Zealand investigated how marijuana and tobacco smoking might contribute to periodontal disease.
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Most people would think that you don't get periodontal disease until you are 35 years old," said Raymond P.
The researchers found that people with a higher level of the specific bacteria that cause periodontal disease also had an increased carotid artery thickness, even after taking other cardiovascular risk factors into account.