pericardial window


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pericardial window

A surgically constructed drainage portal through the pericardium into the peritoneum, used for the relief of pericardial effusions or tamponade.
See also: window
References in periodicals archive ?
For those patients for whom the benefits of diagnostic laparotomy are unclear, but who will soon succumb without some improvement in bypass, there may be value in performing a limited subxiphoid 'mini' laparotomy (that could be combined with a pericardial window, as done in case 2 to absolutely exclude cardiac tamponade) to facilitate drainage of ascites.
A follow-up echocardiogram suggested early cardiac tamponade, and a pericardial window was performed revealing a large amount of bloody fluid within the pericardium.
However, in patients with a possible malignant effusion, a subxiphoid pericardial window, which is also a fairly safe procedure, offers the additional benefit of biopsy and has been shown to be more effective in preventing recurrence.
The University Hospital Gasthuisberg Leuven announced the completion of the world's first robotically assisted pericardial window procedure.
Thoracoscopic pleuropericardial window has been popularized as a way to drain different types of pericardial effusion, with the advantage of better exposure than the traditional subxiphoid pericardial window, but without the morbidity associated with an open thoracotomy.
3) Less invasive procedures to obtain cardiac tissue for cytologic examination are available, including mediastinoscopy, endomyocardial transvenous biopsy, thoracoscopic pericardial window, and TEE-guided biopsy, but all of these are associated with high false-negative rates.
She had a mediastinal mass measuring 10 cm and pericardial effusion with tamponade that required a pericardial window.