Disseminated penicilliosis, recurrent bacteremic nontyphoidal salmonellosis, and burkholderiosis associated with acquired immunodeficiency due to autoantibody against gamma interferon.
Penicilliosis in children without HIV infection - are they immunodeficient?
The clinical features of coccidioidomycosis may mimic those of melioidosis, penicilliosis
marneffei, and tuberculosis, which are commonly seen in some southeastern Asian countries, including Taiwan.
And the fungus causing the disease penicilliosis
in people with compromised immune systems doesn't really belong in the genus Penicillium at all.
Systemic infections including pneumocystosis, histoplasmosis, and penicilliosis
are also in the differential diagnosis of masses in the intestine, especially in immunocompromised patients, and they might look similar microscopically.
Mycosis is the growth of a mold fungus on a human host, which can cause infectious diseases such as aspergillosis and penicilliosis
(Jacob et al.
Penicillium marneffei is a dimorphic intracellular opportunistic fungus causing a systemic disease, penicilliosis
marneffei, in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients (1-3).
5 173 Treatment of expensive OIs Cryptococcosis 5 25 Herpes simplex virus 5 18 Penicilliosis
0 9 Other OIs including: Cylomegalo virus Mycobacterium avium/complex 19.
Examples include coccidioidomycosis incidence in Arizona, which has been shown to correlate with hot, dry conditions; blastomycosis clusters observed in association with rainfall after periods of decreased precipitation; and incidence of Penicillum marneffei penicilliosis
, an opportunistic infection which is endemic to Southeast Asia and increases in incidence during rainy months (21,22).
Before the HIV pandemic in Asia during the early 1990s, human penicilliosis
was an exceedingly rare infection (1).
Treatment was effective in 44% of patients with aspergillosis, 55% with candidiasis, 39% with cryptococcosis, 45% with fusariosis, 90% with penicilliosis
, and 30% with scedosporiosis.
Because cryptococcosis and penicilliosis
are commonly associated with advanced immunosuppression and have high death rates if left untreated, further studies are needed to improve case finding for and prevention of these infections (34,35).