penalization


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penalization

(pēn″ĭl-ĭ-zā′shĭn, pĕn″)
An ophthalmological treatment for an eye with weak vision in which the vision from the healthier eye is blunted, blurred, or blocked so that the weaker eye must be relied upon. It is one form of treatment for amblyopia.

penalization 

A clinical method of treating amblyopia and eccentric fixation in which vision by the fixating eye is decreased by various means (optical overcorrection, atropinization for near vision especially, and neutral density filters) in order to compel the amblyopic eye to fixate. Sometimes the treatment consists of using the amblyopic eye for near vision and the fixating eye for distance vision. See attenuation; Bangerter foils; occlusion treatment; pleoptics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Penalization of incest with respect to public morality may be challenged by another interest also under the protection of law, that is sexual freedom (Article 47 of the Polish Constitution; Article 8 [section] 2 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms).
Cohen, Antony Giddens, or Peter Waldmann), continues the line that presents penalization as the inherent outcome of crime.
techniques of penalization into their countries by dressing them up in scholarly garb.
Because process was controlled manually and it was time consuming, I designed a simple system for transesterification using programmable logic controller and two--position controller with penalization.
For a specified refrigerant, saturation temperature and tube geometry, Cavallini showed that the product of the two penalization components can be expressed as a function of the heat transfer coefficient (a).
In fact, some courts have recognized negligent destruction of evidence as a cause of action, thereby allowing for penalization of poor management of records.
The result of this theory is the penalization of the subsidiaries where the transaction volumes are low.
In those essays which are not specific to a single author, however, we find that 'gay writing' means male gay writing (Sweet); that 'gay coming-out films' are about male homosexuality (Wright); and we are left to infer that 'the penalization of homosexuality' in nineteenth-century Germany (Taeger) also means men - the author does not mention that lesbianism was never outlawed.
Such a policy will refrain from the heavy penalization of traditional subsistence activities such as hunting and fishing for personal consumption.
Although old strategies of interdiction, penalization and propaganda have largely failed to stop aggregate consumption of controlled substances in America, the war on drugs is poised to strike against the most dangerous addiction of all.
Penalization is essential if peace is to be more than a feverish interlude between wars.
Growth was also supported by increased demand for insurance resulting from changes in legislations which introduced effective penalization of those who fail to pay motor third party liability insurance, which is compulsory under the law.