peer review

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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.

peer review1

an appraisal by professional coworkers of equal status of the way an individual health professional conducts practice, education, or research. The appraisal uses accepted standards as measures against which performance is weighed. See also Professional Standards Review Organization.

peer review2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer review,

n 1. a retrospective consideration or an examination by one or more individuals of equal standing or rank.
n 2. a process established to provide for review by licensed dental professionals of the care by a dental professional for a single patient; disputes regarding fees; cases submitted by carriers and initiated by patients or dental professionals; and quality of care and appropriateness of treatment.
peer review organization (PRO),
n an organization established by an amendment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA) to provide for the review of medical services furnished primarily in a hospital setting or in conjunction with care provided under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. In addition to their review and monitoring functions, these entities can invoke sanctions, penalties, or other corrective actions for noncompliance in organization standards.
peer review system,
n a professionally sponsored and operated system for the rendering of professional judgment on disagreements between or among dental professionals, patients, or fiscal intermediaries, respecting quality of care and related matters.

peer review

judgments of other scientists who work in the same field on the merits of papers submitted for publication, applications for reseach funding,
References in periodicals archive ?
More than just journal quality is riding on the type of peer review chosen.
The focus is on the number of audits because the peer review of the review and compilation part of the practice is not as time consuming.
Physicians who are able to recognize possible early warning signs of sham peer review, and are able to take appropriate action to protect themselves, have a better chance of surviving if a sham peer review attack is launched against them.
Subtle differences in our faculty, tutor, and student audiences drive some of the differences in our approaches to peer review.
Furthermore, the lobbying groups that act on behalf of medical doctors might not fund politicians that ignore physicians' reasonable requests for confidentiality in peer reviews.
MTF-level risk management peer reviews entail only minimal due process procedures: significantly involved healthcare providers are notified in person or by certified return-receipt requested mail of the pending peer review, given access to medical records and redacted relevant documents, and given the opportunity to submit written statements.
Navigating Through the Revised AICPA Standards for Performing and Reporting on Peer Reviews and Related Interpretations, www.
The new 2007 Joint Commission standards broadened the use of peer review and that increased every hospital's need for external peer review from IROs like AllMed," said Freedman.
The environment in which public accounting firms are working is vastly different than in 1988 when the AICPA Peer Review Program was adopted.
Develop and implement a peer review process for the online learning and teaching resources within MERLOT discipline-based collections.
But some board members said they were troubled that no change would be made to the rule that prohibits appealing lawyers from seeing the peer reviews that caused the denial of their certification.
Our data show that 95% of the CPA firms had undergone a peer review in the past three years and 60% of these CPA firms had also conducted peer reviews of other CPA firms.