peer review

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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.

peer review1

an appraisal by professional coworkers of equal status of the way an individual health professional conducts practice, education, or research. The appraisal uses accepted standards as measures against which performance is weighed. See also Professional Standards Review Organization.

peer review2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer review,

n 1. a retrospective consideration or an examination by one or more individuals of equal standing or rank.
n 2. a process established to provide for review by licensed dental professionals of the care by a dental professional for a single patient; disputes regarding fees; cases submitted by carriers and initiated by patients or dental professionals; and quality of care and appropriateness of treatment.
peer review organization (PRO),
n an organization established by an amendment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA) to provide for the review of medical services furnished primarily in a hospital setting or in conjunction with care provided under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. In addition to their review and monitoring functions, these entities can invoke sanctions, penalties, or other corrective actions for noncompliance in organization standards.
peer review system,
n a professionally sponsored and operated system for the rendering of professional judgment on disagreements between or among dental professionals, patients, or fiscal intermediaries, respecting quality of care and related matters.

peer review

judgments of other scientists who work in the same field on the merits of papers submitted for publication, applications for reseach funding,
References in periodicals archive ?
If I were science advisor to the president, I would look at the peer review system and ask: "Are we using our best scientific and engineering minds in the best way?
For authors, the Rubriq independent peer review system will offer the advantage of a fast (in about a week) pre-submission peer review from three experts in their field, as well as recommendations for the best journal match for their manuscripts.
I'm not sure if open peer review in and of itself would solve the problems with the peer review system now, but the only way we can tell is by conducting experiments such as these.
Carl Cohn, superintendent of the Long Beach Unified School District, said he believes Davis is gambling with California schools' success by pushing the largely untried peer review system.
An appreciation for the need to sustain scientific and scholarly endeavors as an essential feature of a country aspiring to become developed rather than remain in a dependent, developing state, but within a peer review system cognizant of economic constraints.
As part of the agreement, Primordial will install its platform and multiple applications, including a powerful communications system and a full-featured peer review system across a highly distributed and complex reading environment.
Known for combining cutting-edge technology with long-term organizational stability in support of its community-oriented mission and model, HighWire facilitates the development, dissemination and discovery of nearly four thousand prominent journals, books, and other scholarly works online, as well as a manuscript submission, tracking, and peer review system for journal editors.
The failing in such a peer review system seems obvious to probably everyone but those who could benefit.
To relieve the tension in the peer review system would require at least a doubling of federal research support in combination with a "birth control" policy to stem the growth of the applicant pool.
says that when the head injury laboratory grant came up for renewal by a two-tiered peer review system at NIH this spring, the lab "passed with flying colors.
His quality legal work and outstanding ethics have earned him an AV rating in the Martindale-Hubbell Peer Review system and designation as a Rising Star by North Carolina Super Lawyers.
He has an "AV" rating by the Martindale-Hubble peer review system, the highest rating from judges and lawyers in the community.