Increase in human population, habitat destruction and degradation due to human settlements, industrialization, food scarcity, hunting and trapping have caused decline in population of Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) in its natural habitats (Anwar et.
Keeping in view the above facts, the present study was aimed at to evaluate the effect of cage area per bird on production, fertility and hatchability of eggs in Indian Peafowl.
Table 1: Cages dimension, area, stocking density and sex ratio of Indian Peafowl during experiment.
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus), also known as blue or common peafowl, is the largest bird of family Phasianidae (Roberts, 1991).
Indian peafowl inhabits scrub forest occupying mostly edges of the forests (Johnsgard, 1986).
Indian peafowl has been listed as Least Concern globally (IUCN, 2015).
Blood samples of male and female Peafowl color mutants (Blue Peafowl male, Black Shoulder Peafowl, Pied Peafowl and White Peafowl) were selected from Pavo cristatus species.
Eight (08) different RAPD primers were employed for the molecular study of Peafowl.
List of primers used for the determination of genetic diversity in different color mutants of Peafowl
The male to female mating ratio has shown a significant effect on fertility of the eggs produced by the peahens of the group kept with 1 male: 3 females as compared to other mating ratios indicating that too many or too few males in a breeding flock may lead to higher proportion of infertile eggs in peafowls.
It is proved in the present study that the most appropriate sex ratio for obtaining maximum number of fertile eggs in peafowls is 1:3 whereas higher ratio produced less fertile eggs as depicted from the results of present study for sex ratio 1:4, i.
This study was conducted to evaluate the role of peacock-peahen ratios on egg production, fertility and hatchability in Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) in a Wildlife Park to explore most productive mating sex ratio for a period of 16 weeks.