patulin


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pat·u·lin

(pat'yū-lin),
An antibiotic derived from metabolites of fungi, such as species of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Gymnoascus; has carcinogenic activity.

patulin

an antibiotic substance derived from a group of fungi, including Byssochlamys nivea, Penicillium spp., which caused deaths when given to animals. The information suggests that patulin may also be a toxin.
References in periodicals archive ?
While there are hundreds of different mycotoxins that have been discovered, some of the more cornmon ones include aflatoxin, ochratoxin, citrinin, ergot alkaloids, patulin, fumonisin, trichothecene, and zearalenone.
Clavatol and patulin formation as the antagonistic principle of Aspergillus clavatonanicus, an endophytic fungus of Taxus mairei.
However, some species of fruit spoilage molds are also known to produce potentially harmful metabolites such as patulin, byssotoxin A, and related natural toxins (Beuchat and Pitt 2001), again underlying the importance of proper refrigeration conditions to both food spoilage and safety.
En sik karsilasilan mikotoksinler; aflatoksinler, okratoksin, trikotesen, zearalenon, patulin ve fumonisin olarak siralanabilir.
Study on the effects of feeding laying hens on separate myctotoxins (aflatoxins, patulin or citrinin) contaminated diets on the egg quality and tissue constituents.
Patulin (clavicin, expansin) and Cytochalasin E are important mycotoxin produce by Aspergillus clavatus (Lopez- Diaz and Flannigan, 1997; Davis and Diener, 1987).
For example, an antibiotic metabolite produced by Penicillium urtica Bainier was identified as patulin that can suppress damping-off disease of several plants.
In addition, they may produce the patulin mycotoxin.
Aspergillus terreus is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs and/or disseminated aspergillosis and can produce the toxins patulin and citrinin, which may be associated with disease in humans and animals.
Papers related to contamination and the state of microflora include such topics as the attachment of microorganisms to fresh produce and their internalization and infiltration, those on microbial spoilage include bacterial soft rot and spoilage of juices and beverages by Alicyclobacillus, those on food safety include studies of products such as mushrooms, sprouts and melons, toxins such as patulin and the safety of minimally-processed fruits and vegetables, and papers on interventions include such topics as quality control, surface pasteurization, sanitizing treatments, nonthermal treatments and gas or vapor phase sanitation.
viridicatum; and patulin (which is cytotoxic and carcinogenic in rats), from P.
For the two word squares shown above, all words were found in the OSPD3, except OLEANOL, PATULIN, ANILIDE, and ILIACUM.