patient-controlled analgesia


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pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ges·i·a (PCA),

a method for control of pain based on use of a pump for the constant intravenous or, less frequently, epidural infusion of a dilute narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for the self-administration at predetermined intervals of a predetermined amount of the narcotic solution if the infusion fails to relieve pain.

patient-controlled analgesia (PCA)

a drug-delivery system that dispenses a preset intravascular dose of a narcotic analgesic when the patient pushes a switch on an electric cord. The device consists of a computerized pump with a chamber containing the drug. The patient administers a dose of narcotic intravenously when the need for pain relief arises. A lockout interval automatically inactivates the system if a patient tries to increase the amount of narcotic within a preset period.
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Patient-controlled analgesia infusion pump

patient-controlled analgesia

Pain management A method for self-administration of narcotic-analgesics via a programmable pump; PCA is used for pain of terminal CA, postsurgery, angina pectoris, L&D Agents Fentanil, meperidine, morphine, sufentanil; PCA is delivered IV, subcutaneously or epidurally. See Pain.

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ge·si·a

(PCA) (pā'shĕnt kŏn-trōld' an'ăl-jē'zē-ă)
A method for control of pain based on use of a pump for the constant intravenous or, less frequently, epidural infusion of a diluted narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for the self-administration at predetermined intervals of the narcotic solution should the infusion fail to relieve pain.

patient-controlled analgesia

A method of pain control in which the patient cooperates. An intravenous drip is set up and the patient has a small control unit with a button which, when pressed, inserts a small dose of a drug such as morphine, into the infusion fluid. Overdosage cannot occur. A disadvantage is the need to urinate at frequent intervals.

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ge·si·a

, patient-controlled anesthesia(PCA) (pā'shĕnt kŏn-trōld' an'ăl-jē'zē-ă, an'es-thē'zē-ă)
Method for control of pain using a pump for constant intravenous or epidural infusion of a dilute narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for self-administration at predetermined intervals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cohen BE, Hartman MB, Wade JT, Miller JS, Gilbert R, Chapman TM: Postoperative pain control after lumbar spine fusion: Patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous epidural morphine.
Zalviso delivers 15 mcg sufentanil sublingual tablets through a non-invasive delivery route via a pre-programmed, patient-controlled analgesia device.
Efficacy and safety of the fentanyl ontophoretic transdermal system (ITS) and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) with morphine for pain management following abdominal or pelvic surgery Pain Med.
Patients in the CSE group received initiation by 2mg of intrathecal ropivacaine and 5 mcg sufentanil via a PENCAN 25G spinal needle followed by epidural patient-controlled analgesia (PCA).
A preoperative evaluation was performed the day before surgery and patient-controlled analgesia technique and visual analog scale pain score were explained.
025 mcg/kg per minute, and patients were offered a patient-controlled analgesia bolus of 0.
The patients were randomized into groups--they all received ON-Q PainBuster with the unique ON-Q Soaker Catheter, some with continuous local anesthetic infusion and others with a placebo, and they all also had treatment for pain available with patient-controlled analgesia (narcotics).
PPAHS recently honored July 17, the day that 18-year old Amanda Abbiehl died five years ago after being connected to a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), In remembrance of that day, PPAHS released the podcast, " Opioid-Induced Respiratory Compromise Can Be Prevented".
Remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was introduced to Rotorua's maternity service in 2004, for women in whom epidural analgesia was contraindicated.
Nine percent of the women who received epidurals developed hypotension requiring treatment with ephedrine, compared with none of the women who used patient-controlled analgesia.
NYSE:AMI), developer of products for the safe delivery of intravenous (IV) medications, announced today the limited release of the Medley(TM) Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA) Module with the Guardrails(R) Safety Software at Adventist Medical Center in Portland.
Zalviso is an investigational patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) drug/device candidate currently under review by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
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