In short, why cannot legislators paternalistically
pursue what is in citizens' aretaic interests, even though that may mean that they will indirectly inhibit what citizens would otherwise have deontic rights to do?
In the older days, meaning until relatively recently, medical decisions were made paternalistically
In high PD societies, superiors are expected to lead, to make decisions autocratically and paternalistically
, and subordinates are generally afraid and unwilling to disagree with their superiors [2, p.
Like its historical antecedents, 1990s populism is a curious blend of left and right, of local versus national politics (though the right wing of 1990s populism has paternalistically
seized upon the theme of "the community" for its own purposes).
Neither do we need allies who will paternalistically
seek to set the timetable for our freedom.
Parents, and more specifically fathers in their traditional role, have acted paternalistically
for ages without thinking such behavior morally suspect.
Those who paternalistically
argue that such an arrangement could provide relative protection for the people against the harsher consequences of their collective decision may be at best well meaning but it is a denial of politics.
However, this motivation is far from a clear-cut explanation for the extent of family breakup in the slave trade, especially considering that some historians have argued that slave owners generally acted paternalistically
to preserve family units and expended great effort and resources to protect the slaves they owned.
Professor Paul Starr, for example, attributes the rise of medical authority to the social origins of professional sovereignty, (14) and Jeffrey Berlant observes that the foothills of the first Code of Ethics for the American Medical Association (AMA) was motivated by writers who believed that "the Enlightenment and rationality were available only to elites paternalistically
bound to assuming the burden of protecting the public [and thus] the only conceivable authority in medical matters was the practicing medical profession.
In addition, a stronger penalty regime could as easily accomplish the same result, without paternalistically
precluding taxpayers from consenting to the disclosure of their return information or making economic choices.
The state is not acting paternalistically
if it requires motorcyclists to wear helmets in order to save medical costs (although we think that such arguments are often smokescreens for paternalism).
Places with fewer checks and balances, like Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia, turned to paternalistically
justified pro-state policies with awful results.