patent foramen ovale
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patent foramen ovalePFO Cardiology An opening between the left and right atria which allows blood to bypass the lungs in utero; the FO normally closes shortly after birth, but remains open in up to 20%; a PFO is, in absence of other cardiac defects, is of no consequence
pa·tent for·a·men ova·le(pa'tĕnt fōr-ā'mĕn ō-vā'lē)
Valvular incompetence of the patent foramen ovale of the heart; a condition contrasting with probe patency of the foramen ovale in that the valve of the foramen ovale has abnormal perforations in it, or is of insufficient size to afford adequate valvular action at the foramen ovale prenatally, or effect a complete closure postnatally.
patent foramen ovalePersistence of the normal fetal opening in the internal wall of the heart (the FORAMEN OVALE) after birth.
1. open, unobstructed, or not closed.
2. apparent, evident.
patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
abnormal persistence of an open lumen in the ductus arteriosus, between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, after birth. The ductus arteriosus is open during prenatal life, allowing most of the blood of the fetus to bypass the lungs, but normally this channel closes shortly before birth. When the ductus arteriosus remains open, it places special burdens on the left ventricle and causes a diminished blood flow in the aorta. May remain open for up to 5 days in foals. One of the most common congenital heart defects in dogs, but less common in cats. Causes a continuous 'machinery' murmur loud in systole, soft in diastole, and 'bounding' pulse.
patent ductus venosus
see ductus venosus.
patent foramen ovale
see foramen ovale (1).
a drug or remedy protected by a trademark, available without a prescription.
the period during a disease in which the causative agent can be detected by clinicopathological tests, e.g. for helminth eggs.
the urachus persists after birth and allows urine to drip out of the bladder through the umbilicus. See also urachus.
patent ventricular septum
includes several entities characterized by incomplete closure of ventricular wall. Characterized by palpable cardiac thrill and audible pansystolic murmur on both sides of the chest at birth, accompanied by exercise intolerance and developing dyspnea at rest.