pasture

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pasture

fields or paddocks carrying a permanent or semipermanent growth of grasses and clovers or other legumes and usually some volunteer herbaceous plants. It is used as a complete or partial diet for herbivores and in some economies for omnivores. It may be permanent or temporary, even annual, irrigated or dry, native or improved.

pasture bloat
primary ruminal tympany characterized by frothing of the ruminal contents; occurs in cattle on legume-rich pastures.
pasture breeding
the males are turned into the pasture with a group of females. Called also paddock mating.
clean pasture
refers to the status of the pasture as a source of infective helminth larvae and implies relative freedom. The degree of freedom from parasite larvae is important as a factor in prevention of parasitoses.
pasture diarrhea
see copper nutritional deficiency.
pasture ley
see ley.
pasture meter
device for measuring the amount of feed remaining; based on a design in which a flat metal plate traverses up a central spindle when the spindle is inserted through the plants so that it reaches the ground, the plate floating on top of the plants; measures in cow days.
native pasture
consists of the plants normally found growing wild in the area. Agriculturally speaking, this usually refers to areas with an annual rainfall of less than 20 in (500 mm). Areas with larger rainfalls usually carry improved pastures.
pasture plants
plants which occur naturally or are cultivated especially for growing in pasture to provide feed for grazing animals, with excess growth made into hay or ensilage.
pasture rotation
see rotational grazing.
References in periodicals archive ?
A certain amount of collected money was used to improve the pasture infrastructure; repair and build 2,500 km of roads and 235 bridges.
These varieties have been chosen as they represent Australias important history with grain crops and pastures.
2015), most likely as a result of the generally higher organic matter in surface soils, shallow rooting depth of perennial ryegrass pastures and high spatial and temporal variability of N mineralisation (Pembleton et al.
Species reaching secondary forest fragments must deal with variable levels of shade and limited opportunities for increasing biomass, whereas species dispersing into pastures must face extremes in physical and biological conditions such as excessive light, high temperatures, water stress, competition with aggressive grasses, and high herbivory (Nepstad, Uhl, Pereira, & da Silva, 1996; Holl, 2002; Chazdon, 2003; 2008).
Concentrate supplementation has been another strategy to intensify animal production on pastures (Adami et al.
2012) in a modelling study reported that 28 t DM/ha/yr grazeable CFS is achievable compared to current 15 t DM/ha from pastures for AMS cows.
Minister Aidaraliyev listed misallocation of resources, overgrazing, excessive use of winter pastures and insufficient use of remote summer pastures among other reasons for land degradation.
Masoud Hashemi, cooperative extension service educator at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, nominated the farm, saying it scored high marks on all Green Pastures criteria.
According to him, pastures occupy an area of 1 million ha and hayfield - 130,000 ha, by official statistics.