pasture

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pasture

fields or paddocks carrying a permanent or semipermanent growth of grasses and clovers or other legumes and usually some volunteer herbaceous plants. It is used as a complete or partial diet for herbivores and in some economies for omnivores. It may be permanent or temporary, even annual, irrigated or dry, native or improved.

pasture bloat
primary ruminal tympany characterized by frothing of the ruminal contents; occurs in cattle on legume-rich pastures.
pasture breeding
the males are turned into the pasture with a group of females. Called also paddock mating.
clean pasture
refers to the status of the pasture as a source of infective helminth larvae and implies relative freedom. The degree of freedom from parasite larvae is important as a factor in prevention of parasitoses.
pasture diarrhea
see copper nutritional deficiency.
pasture ley
see ley.
pasture meter
device for measuring the amount of feed remaining; based on a design in which a flat metal plate traverses up a central spindle when the spindle is inserted through the plants so that it reaches the ground, the plate floating on top of the plants; measures in cow days.
native pasture
consists of the plants normally found growing wild in the area. Agriculturally speaking, this usually refers to areas with an annual rainfall of less than 20 in (500 mm). Areas with larger rainfalls usually carry improved pastures.
pasture plants
plants which occur naturally or are cultivated especially for growing in pasture to provide feed for grazing animals, with excess growth made into hay or ensilage.
pasture rotation
see rotational grazing.
References in periodicals archive ?
The land was cleared for agriculture in 1965 and was under a crop/annual pasture rotation (1 : 1) until 1988.
We start the two-year annual pasture rotation by plowing and harrowing sudan stubble in a single till-age pass, and then drilling oats at four bushels per acre in spring.
Details of rotation treatments for the Wagga Wagga Pasture/ Crop Rotation Experiment W, Wheat; P, pasture Rotation Rotation sequence Percent Rotation no.
This field experiment was established in 1963 to investigate the agronomic and soil changes of six wheat/annual pasture rotations over 18 years on a Kandosol similar to, and in close proximity to, the SATWAGL experiment at Wagga Wagga.
Thomas G, King T, Orange D, Dalai R, Fraser M, Christodoulou N, Singh J, Mann M (2005a) Crop and pasture rotations, 'Dunkerry South', Nindigully 2004.
Thomas G, King T, Orange D, Dalai R, Fraser M, Christodoulou N, Singh J, Mann M (2005b) Crop and pasture rotations, 'Mulga View', St George--2004.
At the end of the pasture phase (1991), however, the 3 pasture rotations contained the highest soil C levels reflecting the higher productivity of these rotations (Holford and Crocker 1997) and their shorter duration of fallowing (Table 1).
In 1993 data for the pasture rotations also represent the negative effects of 2 wheat crops, and rotations 4 and 5 follow I year of chickpea and long fallow, respectively.