pasture

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pasture

fields or paddocks carrying a permanent or semipermanent growth of grasses and clovers or other legumes and usually some volunteer herbaceous plants. It is used as a complete or partial diet for herbivores and in some economies for omnivores. It may be permanent or temporary, even annual, irrigated or dry, native or improved.

pasture bloat
primary ruminal tympany characterized by frothing of the ruminal contents; occurs in cattle on legume-rich pastures.
pasture breeding
the males are turned into the pasture with a group of females. Called also paddock mating.
clean pasture
refers to the status of the pasture as a source of infective helminth larvae and implies relative freedom. The degree of freedom from parasite larvae is important as a factor in prevention of parasitoses.
pasture diarrhea
see copper nutritional deficiency.
pasture ley
see ley.
pasture meter
device for measuring the amount of feed remaining; based on a design in which a flat metal plate traverses up a central spindle when the spindle is inserted through the plants so that it reaches the ground, the plate floating on top of the plants; measures in cow days.
native pasture
consists of the plants normally found growing wild in the area. Agriculturally speaking, this usually refers to areas with an annual rainfall of less than 20 in (500 mm). Areas with larger rainfalls usually carry improved pastures.
pasture plants
plants which occur naturally or are cultivated especially for growing in pasture to provide feed for grazing animals, with excess growth made into hay or ensilage.
pasture rotation
see rotational grazing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pasture plants growing through these cages were grazed from above, but livestock were prevented from treading the soil under the cages.
Carbon fluxes between grazing animals, pasture plants, soil and the atmosphere on high- and low-intensity (H and L respectively) grazing systems on basalt landscapes on the Walcha plateau, eastern Australia Soil mass and soil carbon stock ([C.
1999; Lippke, 2002)], (ii) the role of modified pasture plants in animal production systems, (iii) reliable, predictive plant-animal relationships, including the role of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in estimating daily dry matter intake and its digestibility for the grazing animal, (iv) grazing management strategies to favor wildlife populations and diversity, and (v) grazing species that will serve the urban and rural communities and will add plant diversity on the landscape.
Spring usually comes earlier in the wooded pastures because the tree canopy bounces back heat radiated from the land and pasture plants.
Dear BS, Ewing MA (2008) The search for new pasture plants to achieve more sustainable production systems in southern Australia.
Some of the advantages include more efficient use of pasture plants and more weed control (since different species of livestock prefer different plants), control of brush when browsers are included in the species mix, more parasite control (since most species of internal parasite are host specific and cannot complete their life cycle in the wrong animal), and more income per acre if you can accommodate more animals on your pastures.
Although the above studies have estimated the total C allocation to pasture plants, roots and soil, only a few studies have examined allocation and turnover of recently root-derived C at different depths in soil (Swinnen et al.
researchers taken a closer look at the potential benefits of diversifying the types of pasture plants that farmers normally grow.
Grasses can suffer from the lower being eaten down too far -- they're natural pasture plants and grow from the lower ends of the blades.
Results from an earlier ARS study suggest that dangerously high levels of selenium are unlikely to cycle into pasture plants from the manure.
We concluded that both pasture plants and dairy cow excreta were sources of P and N in runoff.