parvoviruses


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

parvoviruses

A family of viruses that cause RUBELLA-like illnesses, transient joint pain and, in sickle cell disease, a failure of production of blood cells. Parvovirus B19 enjoys worldwide infectivity by droplet and has been spread in blood products. It causes Fifth disease, arthralgia and inflammatory arthritis, transient aplasia of red blood cells, miscarriage and hydrops fetalis. Immune globulins are an effective treatment.
References in periodicals archive ?
Epidemiological profile and clinical associations of human bocavirus and other human parvoviruses.
Identification of novel porcine and bovine parvoviruses closely related to human parvovirus 4.
Widespread infection with homologues of human parvoviruses B19, PARV4, and human bocavirus of chimpanzees and gorillas in the wild.
To determine the relationship between GFADV and AMDV strains, phylogenetic analyses of the NS1 and VP2 proteins were performed, which showed that in both genome regions GFADV was more closely related to AMDV strains than to those of minute virus of mice or other parvoviruses analyzed (data not shown), but was distinct from the 3 AMDV groups (Figure 2).
Hypotheses such as possible arthropod-borne or parasite-associated transmission require careful evaluation, bearing in mind that parvoviruses, in common with other DNA viruses, are highly host species specific, and no other instances of vector-borne transmission in this virus family have been recorded.
His work focuses on the molecular biology of parvoviruses.
Manning A, Willey SJ, Bell JE, Simmonds E Comparison of tissue distribution, persistence and molecular epidemiology of parvovirus B19 and novel human parvoviruses PARV4 and human bocavirus.
Analysis of 417 patients tested for parvoviruses 4/5 by PCR * No.
Given the resistance of parvoviruses to viral inactivation procedures, recipients of a wide range of plasma-derived therapeutics may also be at risk for PARV4 infection.
To the Editor: Parvoviruses are small, nonenveloped DNA viruses that infect both vertebrate and invertebrate hosts.
In addition, HBoV, similar to some adenoviruses (14) and other human parvoviruses, may show persistent shedding after an initial acute infection.