parotid gland


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Related to parotid gland: submandibular gland

pa·rot·id gland

[TA]
the largest of the salivary glands, one of the bilateral compound acinous glands situated in the parotid bed, inferior and anterior to the ear, on either side, extending from the angle of the jaw inferiorly, to the zygomatic arch superiorly, posteriorly to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and medially into the infratemporal fossa, deep to the ramus of the mandible; it is subdivided into a superficial part (pars superficialis) and a deep part (pars profunda) by emerging branches of the facial nerve, and discharges in seromucous saliva through the parotid duct.

parotid gland

n.
Either of the pair of salivary glands situated below and in front of each ear.

parotid gland

Etymology: Gk, para + ous, ear; L, glans, acorn
one of the largest pairs of salivary glands that lies at the side of the face just below and in front of the external ear. The main part of the gland is superficial, somewhat flattened, and quadrilateral. It is enclosed in a capsule continuous with the deep cervical fascia. The parotid duct starts at the anterior part of the gland and opens on the inside of the cheek opposite the second upper molar. Compare sublingual gland, submandibular gland. See also salivary gland.

pa·rot·id gland

(pă-rot'id gland) [TA]
The largest of the salivary glands, one of two compound acinous glands situated inferior and anterior to the ear, on either side, extending from the angle of the jaw to the zygomatic arch and posteriorly to the sternocleidomastoid muscle; it is subdivided into a superficial part and a deep part by emerging branches of the facial nerve, and discharges through the parotid duct.

parotid gland

one of a pair of salivary glands situated behind the cheek, just in front of the ear, having a duct into the back of the mouth.

Parotid gland

The salivary gland that lies below and in front of each ear.
Mentioned in: Salivary Gland Scan

pa·rot·id gland

(pă-rot'id gland) [TA]
Largest of salivary glands, one of the bilateral compound acinous glands situated in the parotid bed, inferior and anterior to the ear, on either side, extending from angle of jaw inferiorly, to zygomatic arch superiorly, posteriorly to sternocleidomastoid muscle, and medially into infratemporal fossa, deep to ramus of mandible.
Synonym(s): external salivary gland.

parotid gland (pərot´id),

References in periodicals archive ?
Parotid gland is the commonest site for salivary gland tumours.
The purpose of this study was an attempt to characterize the composition of the parotid gland with diffusion-weighted echo planar imaging (DW-EPI) and to measure ADCs to depict early focal or diffuse changes in the parotid glands with differentiation between inflammatory and neoplastic lesions as well as the differentiation of the various entities of parotid gland tumors.
Anatomical site of tumors were; parotid gland, submandibular gland, palate and buccal mucosa, lip and tongue.
6%) cases were seen only in the parotid gland among all major salivary glands (Figure 1).
In clinical practice, parotid gland can be infiltrated directly by late-stage primary lesion in the nasopharynx.
In the remaining patient (patient 12), the decision was made not to perform a neck dissection because the parotid gland itself was not grossly involved.
Based on these typical cytological findings, a diagnosis of hydatid cyst of parotid gland was made.
It is thought that diabetes may lead to "changes in the composition of saliva, duct obstruction, and reduced immunity," making the patient more susceptible to infections of the parotid gland [4].
Immunohistochemical analysis of two slides per animal was performed, one submandibular and one parotid gland.
Such aspirates may also be obtained from mucus-retention cysts, lymphoepithelial cysts, cystadenomas, Warthin's tumors, cystic pleomorphic adenomas, low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinomas, cystadenocarcinomas, and, very rarely, hydatid cyst of the parotid gland.