contracts

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contracts

agreements between parties in which considerations or rewards are offered by all contracting parties. Contracts may be written, verbal or implied and all are binding, the degree lessening as the probability of misunderstanding increases. Salaries, continuity of employment, out-of-hours attendance, weekend work are some of the considerations offered in veterinary employment contracts.

binding-out contracts
one of the parties binds himself or herself not to participate in some activity, e.g. practice within a certain area, in return for some consideration such as being employed as an assistant.
implied contracts
leaving a patient in a veterinarian's care is an implied contract by the owner to pay the costs of the attention provided. This may be estimated beforehand and the veterinarian may be obliged to adhere to the estimate, especially if the difference is large. It depends on the firmness of the offer.
References in periodicals archive ?
Posner, The Parol Evidence Rule, the Plain Meaning Rule, and the Principles of Contractual Interpretation, 146 U.
Since the parol evidence rule precludes prior oral or written evidence of an agreement where the parties intend their writing to be final, complete and exclusive, the "parol" characterization is misleading.
As another example, the parol evidence rule is basically identical to statutory interpretation doctrines that concern when courts may consider nontextual evidence.
3d at 1389 (holding that the parol evidence rule does not apply to contracts governed by the CISG).
The parol evidence rule functions to permit parties to control the
52) Under this set of assumptions, the threshold question is whether the parol evidence rule bars evidence of the express warranty if the e-standard form disclaims such warranties and includes a "full integration" clause.
185) Second, the court relied on "the great weight of academic commentary" to support its assertion that Article 8(3) was a rejection of the parol evidence rule.
In response, some commentators have noted "a certain circularity of reasoning in this contention; the content of the contract to be interpreted cannot be known until the parol evidence rule has been consulted.
If this happens, the court must then look to the parol evidence rule for construction of the contract.
The generally accepted statement of the parol evidence rule is that an integrated writing may not be varied or contradicted by evidence of any prior promises or conditions.
1998) (holding the parol evidence rule inapplicable under the convention; see also Calzaturificio Claudia s.
The parol evidence rule deals with a common contractual situation: where initial negotiations, in which preliminary oral or written promises are exchanged, conclude with a writing that appears to embody the entire agreement.