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Other authors argued about urethral fusion anomalies, median raphe cysts or occlusion of paraurethral ducts.
Among the purulent excretion specimens from the patients' paraurethral ducts, 10 had detectable gonococci, 6 had Staphylococcus aureus , 5 had Chlamydia trachomatis , and 2 had Escherichia coli .
sup][4] However, postoperative pathological examination in the current study showed that paraurethral ducts were all lined with squamous epithelium, and it is possible that the columnar epithelium had been destroyed by pathogens and replaced by squamous epithelium.
To the Editor: Only a small amount of studies were reported about paraurethral duct infection in males.
Thompson and Lantin indicated that parameatal urethral cysts occurred in the process of delamination or separation of the foreskin from the glans penis, while Yoshida (9) believed that they were caused by occlusions of paraurethral ducts.
Skene's ducts are the largest of 30 paraurethral ducts that empty into the female urethra.
Adenocarcinoma of the female urethra comprises only 10% of all primary urethral malignancies in women and is hypothesized to originate from Skene's glands, paraurethral ducts, or glandular metaplasia of the urothelium (3).
However, CCA is sometimes found in the lower urinary tract in women, most commonly involving the urethra, (1) where it may arise in paraurethral ducts or diverticula.
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra: evidence for origin within paraurethral ducts.