paratype


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paratype

(păr′ə-tīp′)
n.
One of two or more biological specimens or other elements from which a holotype was designated in the original published description of a species or subspecies.

par′a·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.

paratype

any specimen cited by the author of a scientific name, other than the HOLOTYPE.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Description: Dorsal rays XI,9 (female paratype with XII,9); anal rays 111,9; first dorsal and anal soft rays unbranched, all others branched, the last to base; pectoral rays 15, the upper two un-branched; pelvic rays 1,5; principal caudal rays 13; median 11 unbranched; upper and lower procur-rent caudal rays 6, posteriormost segmented; lateral line interrupted; dorso-anterior series of pored scales 17+7 (17+6-8), scales above lateral line to base of dorsal fin 2; scales below lateral line to base of anal fin 6; median predorsal scales 5; median prepelvic scales 6; circumpeduncular scales 16; horizontal scale rows on cheek 2; gill rakers 13 (1314); branchiostegal rays 5; vertebrae 9 + 16.
The plumage of the Bolivian specimen housed at the Coleccion Boliviana de Fauna (CBF 03760, male) was compared visually to two paratypes from Cordillera Vilcabamba sent on loan from the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH 824162, 824165; female and male, respectively) and the single specimen from Cordillera Yanachaga (LSUMZ 105658, male); digital photographs were taken for documentation.
The specimens, which Gravitis (1981) chose as holotypes or paratypes of the four remaining new species, cannot be identified at the species level because they are fragmentary, poorly preserved, or juvenile.
Holotype, LACM 3092, paratype LACM 3093, 1,800 m, on whale skeleton, San Clemente Seep, SW of San Diego, CA (32[degrees]12'N, 117[degrees]44'W), collected by Craig R.
Two were returned to the Bishop Museum, and one each deposited as a paratype to the Northern Territory Museum and the Australian Museum.
Similarly, the drawing of the gill arch of the paratype was made without dissection by viewing through an opening in the branchiostegal membrane.
2 M holotype, paratype Gatlinburg, in Andropogon field, Tennessee.
Redescription (based primarily on paratype as holotype is damaged--head and abdomen stored in glycerine capsule.
Counts and measurements that appear in parentheses refer to the range for paratypes if different from the holotype.
Dorsal rays XI, 9; anal rays III,9; dorsal and anal soft rays branched except first and second rays of dorsal fin and first ray of anal fin; the last dorsal and anal soft rays branched to base; pectoral rays 15, the upper two unbranched; pelvic rays I,5; principal caudal rays 13, the upper and lower rays unbranched; upper and lower procurrent caudal rays 3 (3-4); lateral line 16 + 6 (16 + 6-9, except one paratype with 14 + 6); scales above lateral line to origin of dorsal fin 2; scales below lateral line to anus 7 (6-7); median predorsal scales 5; median preventral scales 6 (5-6); transverse scale rows on cheek 2, the upper row with 6 (5-8) and the lower row with 10 (9-10) scales; circumpeduncular scales 15; gill rakers 15 (14-17).