parasystole


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

parasystole

 [par″ah-sis´to-le]
a cardiac arrhythmia attributed to the interaction of two foci independently initiating cardiac impulses at different rates; it cannot be discharged by impulses of the dominant rhythm but it may be modulated by electrotonic influences. The two independent rhythms coexist but not as a result of atrioventricular block. It is an abnormality of both automaticity and impulse conduction. See also entrance block.

par·a·sys·to·le

(par'ă-sis'tō-lē),
A second automatic rhythm existing simultaneously with normal sinus or other dominant rhythm, the parasystolic center being protected from the dominant rhythm's impulses so that its basic rhythm is undisturbed, although it may be manifest in the ECG only at various multiples of its basic periodicity.
Synonym(s): parasystolic beat
[para- + G. systolē, a contracting]

parasystole

/para·sys·to·le/ (-sis´tah-le) a cardiac irregularity attributed to the interaction of two foci independently initiating cardiac impulses at different rates.

parasystole

Etymology: Gk, para + systole, contraction
an independent ectopic rhythm whose pacemaker cannot be discharged by impulses of the dominant (usually the sinus) rhythm because an area of depressed conduction surrounds the parasystolic focus. In the classic parasystole, the interectopic intervals are exact multiples of a common denominator reflecting the protected status of the parasystolic focus; however, the ectopic focus is usually influenced by the phasic events around its protection zone (modulated parasystole). Thus the sinus rhythm may modulate the parasystolic rhythm so that criteria for absolute, undisturbed regularity are not fulfilled. Fusion beats are common because of the simultaneous discharge of the ventricles by both the sinus and the parasystolic impulses.

par·a·sys·to·le

(par'ă-sis'tŏ-lē)
A second automatic rhythm existing simultaneously with normal sinus or other dominant rhythm, the parasystolic center being protected from the dominant rhythm's impulses so that its basic rhythm is undisturbed, although it may be manifest in the electrocardiogram only at various multiples of its basic periodicity.
[para- + G. systolē, a contracting]

parasystole

a cardiac irregularity attributed to the interaction of two foci independently initiating cardiac impulses at different rates. Called also pararrhythmia.
References in periodicals archive ?
This patient's prior and subsequent electrocardiograms frequently reveal ventricular parasystole of the more typical variety with the parasystolic QRSs not fixedly coupled to the sinus rhythm because no retrograde P waves couple the sinus rhythm to the parasystolic rhythm.
Parasystole usually is considered a rare phenomenon, but its prevalence depends on how it is sought and by whom.