The main target of the Paralogisms
, to be sure, is traditional rationalist psychology, (23) but even when stating this, Kant indicates an empirical aspect of his criticism: the concept of a simple nature cannot be a predicate in an objectively valid experiential judgment.
A defense of the fourth paralogism starts with a close analysis of Kant's treatment of human embodiment.
The fourth chapter treats of personal identity over time, the subject of the third paralogism.
80) As the Paralogisms
of Pure Reason make clear, we cannot know the human subject as a subject: "we do not have, and cannot have, any knowledge whatsoever of any such subject.
By establishing such rigorous conditions for the acceptance of principles, Schelling attempted to make Hegel's program for a consideration of thought-determination fall apart and produce paralogisms
Chapters 6 through 9 contain discussions of the first edition subjective deduction, the Paralogisms
, and the second edition subjective deduction.
In the 1781 Critique, the role of apperception in making thought itself possible is more evident in the Paralogisms
than in the Deduction: see esp.