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16] Paralanguage refers to the nonverbal elements of communication used to modify meaning and convey emotion, such as your tone, pitch or manner of speaking.
The CoSESM model relies on three basic assumptions: parity of the representations, effects of alignments at different levels, and influence of kinesics and paralanguage in the comprehension and production of language (1).
Actions speak louder than words: paralanguage, communication, and education.
Whereas language consists of the audible or spoken form of sounds, paralanguage is concerned with the manner in which a particular message is transmitted without the aid of the spoken apparatus.
Paralanguage (how the message is conveyed rather than what is conveyed specifically) conveys the exclusive messages in this exchange.
of New Brunswick) explores the spatial, temporal, and other non-verbal experiences of book readers and play and movie audiences, and how translators can perceive implicit paralanguage and kinesics in texts.
In general, codes can be defined through verbal and nonverbal language, paralanguage, and discourse (Cheng, 2007; Cooley, 1983; Gudykunst, 1983).
128 behavior (kinesics, occulesics, personal appearance, paralanguage, and proxemics, etc).
1996) proposed a school-based curriculum to teach nonverbal behaviors in areas of paralanguage (aspects of sound that communicate emotion), facial expression, space and touch, gestures and posture, rhythm and time, and personal hygiene.
Pursuing issues raised here, future studies could consider alternative methods for female expression of romantic interest other than appearance compliments (video tapes of paralanguage could be particularly helpful), borders and overlaps between sexual harassment and flirtation, comparisons with flirtation compliments in other cultural regions and age groups as well as in computer-mediated communication, and investigations of frontstage and backstage attitudes toward flirtation and compliment behaviors.