paraffin bath


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bath

 [bath]
1. a medium, e.g., water, vapor, sand, or mud, with which the body is washed or in which the body is wholly or partially immersed for therapeutic or cleansing purposes; application of such a medium to the body.
2. the equipment or apparatus in which a body or object may be immersed.
bed bath the cleansing of a patient in bed. A complete bed bath indicates that someone must totally wash a patient, as is done with an unconscious patient. A partial bed bath is one in which the patient is not totally dependent but is given a basin, soap, and water, as well as any assistance needed to maintain good hygiene.
bath blanket a flannel covering used to prevent chilling when administering a bed bath.
colloid bath a medicated bath prepared by adding soothing agents to the bath water such as gelatin, starch, or bran in order to relieve skin irritation and itching. The patient is dried by patting rather than rubbing the skin. Care must be taken to avoid chilling.
contrast bath alternate immersion of a part in hot water and cold water.
cool bath one in water from 18° to 24°C (65° to 75°F).
emollient bath a bath in a soothing and softening liquid, used in various skin disorders.
lukewarm bath warm bath.
oatmeal bath a colloid bath containing oatmeal, used for treatment of dermatoses to soothe the skin and relieve itching.
paraffin bath the dipping of a limb into a warm solution of paraffin, or the brushing of paraffin onto the skin, to provide pain relief and increase mobility.
sitz bath immersion of only the hips and buttocks, done to relieve pain and discomfort following rectal surgery, cystoscopy, or vaginal surgery; sitz baths also may be ordered for patients with cystitis or infections in the pelvic cavity. Temperature for a hot sitz bath is started at 35°C (95°F) and gradually increased to 40 to 43°C (104° to 110°F). The patient must be watched for fatigue and faintness, and an attendant must remain within calling distance. Cool compresses to the head or cool drinks during the bath promote comfort and relieve faintness.
Disposable sitz bath. From Lammon et al., 1995.
sponge bath one in which the patient's body is not immersed but is wiped with a wet cloth or sponge; this is most often done for reduction of body temperature in presence of fever, in which case the water used is cool.
tepid bath one in water 24° to 33°C (75° to 92°F).
warm bath one in water just under body temperature, 33° to 37°C (92° to 98°F).
whirlpool bath one in which the water is kept in constant motion by mechanical means and has a massaging action that can promote improved circulation and relaxation; often used in the treatment of soft tissue injuries and management of open wounds such as burns.

paraffin bath

Etymology: L, parum, little, affinis, related
the application of heat to a specific area of the body through the use of paraffin. The part is quickly immersed in heated liquid wax and then withdrawn so that the wax solidifies to form an insulating layer. The procedure is repeated until the layer is 5 to 10 mm thick, and then the entire area is wrapped in an insulating material, such as a loose-fitting plastic bag or paper towels. The technique is effective for heating traumatized or inflamed areas, especially the hands, feet, and wrists, and is used primarily for patients with arthritis and rheumatism or any joint condition. Also called wax bath.

paraffin bath

Wax bath Sports medicine The immersion of a hand or foot either by dipping several times in a paraffin/mineral oil solution heated to 126ºC for 20-30 mins, or wrapping after dipping in towels to maintain the temperature; PBs are used for arthritic complaints, and were once used to treat burns

par·af·fin bath

(par'ă-fin bath)
Warmed paraffin wax and mineral oil mixture used to coat a body part, causing heat to penetrate into the tissues; used to treat joint inflammation.

paraffin bath,

n dip treatment of hot paraffin wax; commonly used to encourage relaxation, relieve pain, and increase circulation in the hands and feet. See also thermotherapy.

par·af·fin bath

(par'ă-fin bath)
Warmed paraffin wax and mineral oil mixture used to coat a body part, causing heat to penetrate into the tissues; used to treat joint inflammation.

paraffin bath,

n the application of heat to a specific area of the body through the use of paraffin wax. The area is quickly immersed in heated liquid wax and then withdrawn so that the wax solidifies to form an insulating layer. The procedure is repeated until the layer is 5 to 10 mm thick, and then the entire area is wrapped in an insulating fabric. The technique is used primarily for patients with arthritis and rheumatism or any joint condition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Topical analgesic added to paraffin enhances paraffin bath treatment of individuals with hand osteoarthritis.
An RCT showed that the use of a topical analgesic, containing menthol along with chondroitin and glucosamine, mixed with paraffin (80% wax with 20% analgesic), produces significantly increased pain relief at rest and during movement, when compared to paraffin baths alone, as well as improved hand function, after 12 sessions.
New paraffin baths with a brand new color scheme are here from Revlon Spa.
The Company's personal care products include hair dryers, curling irons, hair setters, women's shavers, brushes, combs, hair accessories, home hair clippers, mirrors, foot baths, body massagers, paraffin baths, liquid hair styling products, body powder, shampoos, deodorants and skin care products.
The paraffin baths are so great for rough, dry skin and the foot baths are so soothing for aching feet.
The Company's personal care products include hair dryers, curling irons, hair setters, shavers, brushes, combs, hair accessories, home hair clippers, mirrors, foot baths, body massagers, paraffin baths, liquid hair styling products, body powder and skin care products.
Tactica offers personal-care appliances, such as depilatories, paraffin baths and health/wellness products.