pallidotomy


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Related to pallidotomy: thalamotomy

pallidotomy

 [pal″ĭ-dot´ah-me]
creation of lesions by stereotaxic surgery in the globus pallidus for treatment of extrapyramidal disorders.

pal·li·dot·o·my

(pal'i-dot'ŏ-mē),
A destructive operation on the globus pallidus, done to relieve involuntary movements or muscular rigidity.
[pallidum + G. tomē, incision]

pallidotomy

/pal·li·dot·o·my/ (pal″ĭ-dot´ah-me) a stereotaxic surgical technique for the production of lesions in the globus pallidus for treatment of extrapyramidal disorders.

pallidotomy

(păl′ĭ-dŏt′ə-mē)
n.
A lesion-producing surgical procedure on the globus pallidus to relieve involuntary movements or muscular rigidity.

pallidotomy

[pal′idot′əmē]
the surgical production of lesions in the globus pallidus for the treatment of extrapyramidal disorders.

pallidotomy

Neurosurgery Incision into or partial destruction of the globus pallidum, a difficult high-risk procedure useful in Parkinsonism unrefractory to l-dopa therapy Complications Visual defects, loss of speech, seizures, coma, death. See GPi pallidotomy.

pal·li·dot·o·my

(pali-dotŏ-mē)
A destructive operation on the globus pallidus, done to relieve involuntary movements or muscular rigidity.
[pallidum + G. tomē, incision]

pallidotomy

A neurosurgical operation that involves incision into or partial destruction of the globus pallidus, one of the nuclei at the base of the brain. This radical procedure has been found effective in PARKINSON'S DISEASE and severe tardive dyskinesia.

Pallidotomy

A surgical procedure that destroys a small part of a tiny structure within the brain called the globus pallidus internus. This structure is part of the basal ganglia, a part of the brain involved in the control of willed (voluntary) movement of the muscles.
Mentioned in: Tremors

pal·li·dot·o·my

(pali-dotŏ-mē)
A destructive operation on the globus pallidus.
[pallidum + G. tomē, incision]

pallidotomy (pal´idot´əmē),

n an operation in which the globus pallidus of the basal ganglia is removed to prevent the symptoms of parkinsonism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary dystonia is more responsive than secondary dystonia to pallidal interventions: outcome after pallidotomy or pallidal deep brain stimulation.
Preoperative indicators of clinical outcome following stereotaxic pallidotomy.
From functional neurosurgery to "interventional" neurology: Survey of publications on thalamotomy, pallidotomy, and deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease from 1966 to 2001.
Bilateral pallidotomy for treatment of Parkinson's disease induced corticobulbar syndrome and psychic akinesia avoidable by globus pallidus lesion combined with contralateral stimulation.
We searched the MEDLINE electronic database for English-language articles reported between January 1992 and December 2000 by using the key word pallidotomy.
Early surgical techniques for treating movement disorders that remain in use today include thalamotomy for tremor and pallidotomy for dystonia and for signs and symptoms of Parkinson disease.
Thalamotomy, subthalamotomy and pallidotomy are 3 lesion-producing surgeries that help reduce PD symptoms.
Evidence of somatotopy in Gpi from results of pallidotomy.
There are two established neurosurgical procedures - - pallidotomy and deep brain stimulation - - that have already extended the function and lives of hundreds of patients, and are receiving the increasingly laudatory press coverage they deserve, Dr.
The advantage, of course, is that you can turn the stimulator on and off, whereas when you make a permanent lesion, such as in the pallidotomy, you have destroyed the cells.
A 59-year-old man experienced profound hypersexuality following a right pallidotomy for Parkinson's disease, Dr.
ES: There was a Swedish group who looked at pallidotomy in the 1980s, and it began to become more popular in States in the 1990s.