pain threshold


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pain thresh·old

the lowest intensity of a painful stimulus at which the subject perceives pain.

pain threshold

the point at which a stimulus, usually one associated with pressure or temperature, activates pain receptors and produces a sensation of pain. Individuals with low pain thresholds experience pain much sooner and faster than those with higher thresholds; individuals' reactions to stimulation of pain receptors vary.

pain thresh·old

(pān threshōld)
Lowest intensity of a painful stimulus at which the subject perceives pain.

pain thresh·old

(pān threshōld)
Lowest intensity of a painful stimulus at which subject perceives pain.

pain

a feeling of distress, suffering or agony, caused by stimulation of specialized nerve endings. Its purpose is chiefly protective; it acts as a warning that tissues are being damaged and induces the sufferer to remove or withdraw from the source.
All receptors for pain stimuli are free nerve endings of groups of myelinated or unmyelinated neural fibers abundantly distributed in the superficial layers of the skin and in certain deeper tissues such as the periosteum, surfaces of the joints, arterial walls, and the falx and tentorium of the cranial cavity. The distribution of pain receptors in the gastrointestinal mucosa apparently is similar to that in the skin; thus, the mucosa is quite sensitive to irritation and other painful stimuli. Although the parenchyma of the liver and the alveoli of the lungs are almost entirely insensitive to pain, the liver as an organ and the bile ducts are extremely sensitive, as are the bronchi, ureters, parietal pleura and peritoneum.
Some pain receptors are selective in their response to stimuli, but most are sensitive to more than one of the following types of excitation: (1) mechanical stress of trauma; (2) extremes of heat and cold; and (3) chemical substances, such as histamine, potassium ions, acids, prostaglandins, bradykinin and acetylcholine.
The conscious perception of pain probably takes place in the thalamus and lower centers; interpretation of the quality of pain is probably the role of the cerebral cortex.
There are some naturally occurring internal systems in the body that are known to control pain but none of them has been completely verified. One of the best known is the gate control system in which it is thought that pain impulses are mediated in the substantia gelatinosa of the spinal cord.

abdominal pain
pain occurring in the area between the thorax and pelvis. Manifestations vary between species. Identifiable syndromes include: (1) horse—pawing, flank watching, rolling, straddling as though to urinate, lying on the back; (2) cattle—may depress back and paddle with hindfeet but mostly arched back, grunting, immobility; (3) dogs and cats—arched back, grunting, depression, reluctance to move. Sometimes there is elevation of the hindquarters, with the chest and forelegs on the ground (the so-called 'praying dog' attitude).
Beagle pain syndrome
see beagle pain syndrome.
projected pain
pathology in one area can affect the nerve supply to a distant area in which pain is experienced.
pain receptors
free nerve endings of tufts of fine points or buttons.
referred pain
pain felt in an area distant from the site of pathology but not mediated through a common innervation. There is no evidence that referred pain occurs in animals but it seems likely on anatomical grounds.
pain threshold
the lowest level at which a stimulus can be applied and cause perceptible pain.
pain tolerance
the level of stimulation at which pain becomes intolerable.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the AAQ-II and the CSQ met normality assumptions, pain tolerance and pain threshold scores were skewed and violated the linearity assumption needed to perform analyses of covariance (ANCOVAs).
Our observations indicate changes in pain threshold up to 11 yr following focal burn injury of the upper limb(s), i.
Another study about pain sensitivity in individuals with Down's syndrome compared heat pain thresholds in 11 adults with Down's syndrome and 14 adults with unspecified mental retardation with 14 controls [Defrin et al.
The mice were tested twice for each two days prior to the experiment and the mean pain threshold of each mouse was considered as their basic pain threshold.
Sandy said: "I have a high pain threshold as I broke my neck and crushed my spine in a car accident in 1989.
Thermal heat and ischemic pain threshold tolerance was also evaluated in all study participants.
The purposes of this study were to determine gender differences in pain threshold and tolerance among Chinese adults in Hong Kong and to examine the role of anxiety in pain perception.
Lorraine, a 31-year-old graphic designer makes the point that everybody has a different pain threshold but she is no doubt that Maggie Howell's relaxation tech-niques helped her tremendously.
He's also faced questions about his durability, pain threshold and ability to play at less than 100 percent health.
Strengths: Legend status, incredible girth and pain threshold, lip trickery