oxyphil cell


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ox·y·phil cell

cells of the parathyroid gland that increase in number with age; the cytoplasm contains numerous mitochondria and stains with eosin. Similar cells, and tumors composed of them, are found in salivary glands and the thyroid gland; in the latter, also called Hürthle cell.

oxyphil cell

[ok′səfil]
a cell of the parathyroid glands that takes up acidic stains and has a dark nucleus and fine, granular cytoplasm. Such cells occur singly or in small groups and increase in number with age. Also called oxyphilic cell.

ox·y·phil cell

(ok'sē-fil sel)
Cell of the parathyroid gland that increases in number with age; the cytoplasm contains numerous mitochondria and stains with eosin. Similar cells, and tumors composed of them, are found in salivary glands and the thyroid; in the latter, also called Hürthle cell.

oxyphil

1. Hürthle cell.
2. oxyphilic, i.e. stainable with an acid dye.

oxyphil cell
acidophilic cells found in parathyroid gland.
References in periodicals archive ?
Present study revealed that oxyphil cells were less numerous than chief cells, placed either at periphery of gland adjacent to capsule or in the centre of gland.
2005) (12) quoted oxyphil cells as less numerous than the chief cells.
1949) (15) quoted that oxyphil cells are arranged as continuous masses & anastomosing columns whereas Gardner D.
1949) (15) stated that great majority of adenomatous nodules of oxyphil cells are highly vascular with widely patent capillaries filled with blood.
1939) (9) studied parathyroid tissues in great details from 428 autopsied cases and observed oxyphil cells having acidophilic granular cytoplasm.
19 6 5) (23) stated that the presence of oxyphil cells is an indication of activity on the part of the gland but experimental evidence does not support this view it seems probable that they are degenerating cells.
C(1984) (26) that oxyphil cells may represent a non-secretary stage in life cycle of chief cells.
1996) (28) reported that the oxyphil cells are the result of proliferation of mitochondria in the chief cells.
1961) (31) demonstrated a high level of activity of a wide variety of oxidative enzymes in the oxyphil cells.
19 5 5) (32) stated that oxyphil cells may be degenerate forms of chief cells.
More number of oxyphil cells having mitochondria in the form of eosinophilic granules and more amount of stromal fat probably leads to reduction in parathormone level in females.