In addition, Loock  and the aforementioned two local ENT departments investigated the microbial spectrum of otorrhoea
in their respective communities.
Some possible complications that result from VTs include persistent perforation of the tympanic membrane, granulation tissue around the tube (granular myringitis), chronic otorrhoea, blocking of the lumen of the VT, medial migration of the VT, and severe myringosclerosis.
Chronic otorrhoea in a child with VTs is normal--WRONG
Initially, after the new placement of VTs for COME, a small amount of otorrhoea is acceptable (for up to 72 hours).
We included all patients <13 years of age with CSOM, with otorrhoea for >4 weeks, examined at the ENT clinic at UAH between August 2009 and December 2010.
Audiological testing was performed once the otorrhoea had resolved.
There was no correlation between the duration of otorrhoea and audiometric thresholds (Spearman correlation coefficient <0.
To investigate the microbiology profiles of patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in Cape Town with chronic otorrhoea and to ascertain the validity of the current treatment protocol for chronic otorrhoea outlined by the SA Department of Health (DoH).
To best reflect the clinical situation at primary or secondary care level, we defined chronic otorrhoea as an ear discharge present for [greater than or equal to] 2 weeks, either due to otitis media or otitis externa.
The duration of otorrhoea ranged from 4 to >100 weeks (mean 47 weeks).
To document the prevalence of otorrhoea in the clinic attendees.
The median CD4 percentage in children with otorrhoea was 17.