osteitis fibrosa cystica


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to osteitis fibrosa cystica: osteoporosis

osteitis

 [os″te-i´tis]
inflammation of bone, often with enlargement, tenderness, and a dull, aching pain.
alveolar osteitis dry socket.
condensing osteitis osteitis with hard deposits of earthy salts in affected bone.
osteitis defor´mans rarefying osteitis of unknown cause resulting in deformed bones of increased mass leading to bowing of the long bones and deformation of the flat bones. See also paget's disease.
osteitis fibro´sa cys´tica rarefying osteitis with fibrous degeneration and the formation of cysts and the presence of fibrous nodules on the affected bones, due to osteoclastic activity secondary to hyperparathyroidism. If a tumor of the parathyroid gland is the cause of the hyperparathyroidism, treatment includes removal of the tumor. When the disease is generalized, all the bones are affected (von recklinghausen's disease). Orthopedic surgery may be necessary to correct severe bone deformities.
osteitis fragi´litans osteogenesis imperfecta.
osteitis fungo´sa chronic osteitis in which the haversian canals are dilated and filled with granulation tissue.
rarefying osteitis a bone disease in which the inorganic matter is diminished and the hard bone becomes cancellated.

os·te·i·tis fi·bro·sa cys·ti·ca

increased osteoclastic resorption of calcified bone with replacement by fibrous tissue, caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or other causes of the rapid mobilization of mineral salts.

osteitis fibrosa cystica

an inflammatory degenerative condition in which normal bone is replaced by cysts and fibrous tissue. It is usually associated with hyperparathyroidism.
A hyperparathyroidism-induced tumour-like mass of bony tissue characterised by fibrosis, cyst formation, marked osteoclastic resorption, multinucleated giant cells, and hemosiderin—which imparts the brown color deposits and rounded, cyst-like radiologic defects; brown tumours also occur in 2º hyperparathyroidism and may be the first sign of renal osteodystrophy in patients with ESRD who are kept alive by renal dialysis, and have enough time to develop the osseous reaction

osteitis fibrosa cystica

Albright syndrome, McCune-Albright disease, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia An AD condition possibly related to altered regulation of cAMP Clinical Precocious puberty, polyostotic–cystic fibrous dysplasia with spontaneous fractures at young age, cafe-au-lait spots of skin, ovarian cysts, endocrinopathy–eg, hyperthyroidism, hypophosphatemia and cyclical–4-6 wk–fluctuations of plasma estrogen; afflicted young girls have ↓ gonadotropins and ↓ response to LH-RH Lab ↑ Testosterone, ↑ alk phos Treatment Aromatase inhibitor testolactone. See Luteinizing hormone-releasing factor.

os·te·i·tis fi·bro·sa cys·ti·ca

(os'tē-ī'tis fī-brō'să sis'ti-kă)
Increased osteoclastic resorption of calcified bone with replacement by fibrous tissue, due to primary hyperparathyroidism or other causes of the rapid mobilization of mineral salts.
Synonym(s): Recklinghausen disease of bone.

osteitis fibrosa cystica

A disorder characterized by many large bone cysts filled with fibrous tissue. These are readily visible on X-ray. The condition is due to generalized bone demineralization due to an increased output of PARATHYROID hormone (HYPERPARATHYROIDISM).

Recklinghausen,

Friedrich Daniel von, German histologist and pathologist, 1833-1910.
central Recklinghausen disease type II - congenital disorder characterized by café-au-lait spots, intertriginous freckling, iris hamartomas, and multiple skin neurofibromas.
Recklinghausen disease of bone - increased osteoclastic resorption of calcified bone with replacement by fibrous tissue due to primary hyperparathyroidism or other causes of the rapid mobilization of mineral salts. Synonym(s): osteitis fibrosa cystica
Recklinghausen disease type I - Synonym(s): von Recklinghausen disease
Recklinghausen disease type II - Synonym(s): von Recklinghausen disease
Recklinghausen tonometer
Recklinghausen tumor - a small benign tumor of the male epididymis and female genital tract. Synonym(s): adenomatoid tumor
Recklinghausen-Applebaum disease - a condition of hemochromatosis.
von Recklinghausen disease - two distinct major hereditary disorders: type I (neurofibromatosis type II), and central type II (neurofibromatosis type I). Synonym(s): neurofibromatosis
von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis

osteitis

inflammation of bone. The term is used to describe a number of conditions; for instance, advanced cases of brucellosis can lead to brucellar osteitis. See also osteomyelitis.

alveolar osteitis
necrosis of alveolar bone at the site of a tooth extraction. Called also dry socket.
osteitis deformans
osteitis causing deformity of bones.
osteitis fibrosa
osteitis fibrosa cystica
rarefying osteitis with fibrous degeneration and the formation of cysts and the presence of fibrous nodules on the affected bones, due to osteoclastic activity secondary to hyperparathyroidism. See also osteodystrophia fibrosa.
rarefying osteitis
a bone disease in which the inorganic matter is diminished and the hard bone becomes cancellated.
sclerosing osteitis
1. sclerosing nonsuppurative osteomyelitis.
2. condensing osteitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Osteitis fibrosa cystica develops as a result of enhanced synthesis of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid gland (secondary hyperparathyroidism) which is a direct consequence of hyperphosphataemia(4).
Osteitis fibrosa cystica simulating metastatic tumor: an almost-forgotten relationship.
Recovery pattern of patients with osteitis fibrosa cystica in primary hyperparathyroidism after successful parathyroidectomy.