osis


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

osis

suffix denoting a condition, or state of
References in periodicals archive ?
The historian Vasilij Zen'kovskij (1881-1962) in his work "The history of Russian philosophy" devotes a chapter to representatives of the Neo-Leibniz branch of philosophy, including Teichmuller, Osis and Bobrov in it (Zen'kovskij 1948/2001:599).
One of the first papers in philosophy by Osis was "Research on the concept of substance of Leibniz" (Untersuchungen uber den Substanzbegriff bei Leibniz).
The approach that Osis chose to analyse works of Leibniz was based on his understanding of the history of philosophy, which was strongly influenced by Teichmuller.
Osis warned his students at Tartu against being excessively captivated by Nietzsche and Schopenhauer, urging them to study the Greek language and history lest they become 'plebs' (Sanders 1964:26).
Osis considered that the history of philosophy, first of all, must include descriptive overviews.
Osis indicates that the interest and care for the individual is central to the speculations of Leibniz.
The aims underlying the philosophy of Leibniz, as described by Osis, are apparent in one of his first works--"The Confession of Nature against Atheists" (1669), wherein Leibniz expresses suspicion that all attempts to explain the processes of nature, without accepting the existence of God, lead to "unconcealed atheism" (Leibniz 1669/1989:110).
Osis criticised the Heidelberg professor Otto Caspari (1841-1917) for his interpretation whereby Leibniz rejects the notion of inherently inert and passive matter as early as 1670 (Caspari 1869:76).
It was not until the paper titled "Discourse on Metaphysics" (1686), which was "permeated by refreshing new streams of thought" (Ohse 1888:17), in the opinion of Osis, that Leibniz reached an understanding of substance that remained unchanged in his later work.
After characterizing substance as understood by Leibniz, Osis returns to the initially posed question--how does Leibniz ensure the individuality of the immortal soul?
In the conclusion of his research, Osis reproached the German philosopher for intellectualism.
In his research on the understanding of substance by Leibniz, Osis concludes that the German philosopher was unable to establish the immortality of individual personality.