orthosis


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Related to orthosis: Orthoses, spinal orthosis

orthosis

 [or-tho´sis] (Gr.)
an orthopedic appliance or apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve function of movable parts of the body. See also brace and splint.
cervical orthosis a rigid plastic orthosis that encircles the neck and supports the chin and the back of the head; used in the treatment of injuries to the cervical spine.
Cervical orthoses. A, Soft foam collar. B, Firm plastic collar.
Cervical orthoses offering rigid support to the cervical spine: A, Halo-type cervical orthosis attached to a polyethylene jacket. B, Four poster orthosis.
dynamic orthosis an orthosis that both gives support and aids in the initiation and performance of movement by a body part.
flexion orthosis (flexor orthosis) tenodesis splint.

or·tho·sis

, pl.

or·tho·ses

(ōr-thō'sis, -sēz),
An external orthopaedic appliance, for example, a brace or splint, that prevents or assists movement of the spine or the limbs.
[G. orthōsis, a making straight]

orthosis

/or·tho·sis/ (or-tho´sis) pl. ortho´ses   [Gr.] an orthopedic appliance or apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve function of movable parts of the body.
cervical orthosis  one that encircles the neck and supports the chin, used in the treatment of injuries of the cervical spine.
dynamic orthosis  a support or protective apparatus for the hand or other body part which also aids in initiating, performing, and reacting to motion.
halo orthosis  a cervical orthosis consisting of a stiff halo attached to the upper skull and to a rigid jacket on the chest, providing maximal rigidity.

orthosis

[ôrthō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, orthos, straight
a force system designed to control, correct, or compensate for a bone deformity, deforming forces, or forces absent from the body. Orthosis often involves the use of special braces. orthotic, adj., n.
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Dorsolumbar orthosis

orthosis

plural, orthoses Orthopedics The straightening of a deformity; an external device–eg, a cast, brace, or splint used to stabilize, reinforce or immobilize an extremity, ↓ sensory input to an extremity, prevent stretch weakness, ↓ contractures, functionally assist weak muscles, protect a limb with pressure sores, provide a mechanical block to prevent undesired movement Types Orthoses are available for spine, hip, foot, knee. See Foot orthotics, Scapular reaction.

or·tho·sis

, pl. orthoses (ōr-thō'sis, -sēz)
An external orthopedic appliance, as a brace or splint, that prevents or assists movement of the spine or the limbs.
Synonym(s): orthesis.
[G. orthōsis, a making straight]

orthosis

(or-tho'sis) [Gr. orthosis, guidance, straightening]
Any device added to the body to stabilize or immobilize a body part, prevent deformity, protect against injury, or assist with function. Orthotic devices range from arm slings to corsets and finger splints. They may be made from a variety of materials, including rubber, leather, canvas, rubber synthetics, and plastic. orthotic (-thot'ik), adjective
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ANKLE-FOOT ORTHOSIS

ankle-foot orthosis

Abbreviation: AFO
Any of a class of external orthopedic appliances, braces, or splints devised to control, limit, or assist foot and ankle motion and provide leg support. Typically, orthotics are made of lightweight materials such as thermoplastics. See: illustration

Patient care

A variety of ankle-foot orthoses are used. In the treatment of Achilles' tendon rupture, e.g., the orthosis holds the foot at a right angle to the horizontal plane of the body, in plantar flexion.

balanced forearm orthosis

Mobile arm support.

halo vest orthosis

Halo vest.

spinal orthosis

A supportive device applied to the back (and often encircling the trunk) that limits the movement of the vertebrae, alleviates pain, or unloads mechanical stress; back brace.

wrist-driven hand orthosis

Abbreviation: WDHO
An orthotic that uses the muscles of the wrist, esp. the extensor muscles, to drive the fingers together into a grasping motion. It can be used by people with paralysis of the hand to improve the ability to hold on to and release objects.

wrist-driven wrist-hand orthosis

Abbreviation: WDWHO
A dynamic splint used for functional grasp by people with C6 tetraplegia.
See: tenodesis (2); universal cuff.

orthosis

An appliance worn on the body to reduce or prevent deformity or to provide support, relieve pain and facilitate movement.

Orthosis

A force system designed to control or correct or compensate for a bone deformity, deforming forces, or forces absent from the body.

orthosis

pl. orthoses [Gr.] an orthopedic appliance or apparatus used to support, align, prevent or correct deformities or to improve function of movable parts of the body.
References in periodicals archive ?
The influence of ankle-foot orthosis stiffness on walking performance in individuals with lower-limb impairments.
Effects of an ankle-foot orthosis on balance and walking after stroke: a systematic review and pooled meta-analysis.
Whilst these three studies used the randomisation procedure for group allocation, Redmond (2009) used sealed-envelope randomisation to allocate the intervention to be used first, adopting a cross-over methodology, with each participant receiving both interventions over the period of the study, with two weeks of use prior to testing for each orthosis.
An orthosis is a device that helps correct or amplify an existing capability, whereas a prothesis is a device that replaces a missing capability.
Such a scenario may be beneficial for transmission of force from an orthosis designed to influence joint moments.
A life size male mannequin was cut and substantially reinforced internally with carbon fiber and epoxy resin to provide an upper torso frame and separate pelvic girdle assembly for engaging a worn orthosis as it was tested.
There were significant differences observed between the types of orthosis subjects had a lower score in postural stability in the soft orthosis condition (0.
1087 prosthesis (limbs) 123 orthosis (calipers) and 190 crutches].
as they are presented in literature (Ragalbuto, 1989), (Cherry, 2006), (Singer&Lamontagne, 2008)), the magnetic knee orthosis designed in the ARTROMAG project focused also on the optimal magnets configuration on the orthosis using Comsol Multiphysics software in two knee positions (0[degrees] and 90[degrees]).
I live in Florida, and the orthosis, which fits around my leg just below my knee much like a blood-pressure cuff, creates some perspiration--a small price to pay.
The term DAFO stands for "dynamic" ankle foot orthosis, and was introduced in the 1990s by Cascade Dafo Inc.
A recent RCT of soldiers with MTSS compared treatment with a leg orthosis with no orthotic use; all subjects underwent icing and activity modification.