Caption: Figure 3: Orthopantogram showing hypodontia with the presence of cone-shaped primary incisors, and three tooth buds of permanent teeth (incisors and canine), and totally edentulous mandible without any tooth buds of permanent tooth
Caption: Figure 6: Orthopantogram reveal only two conical-shaped teeth in upper anterior region and the lower jaw was completely edentulous
results were discussed as an outpatient care with the OFMS clinic.
, x-ray face, CT head, USG abdomen all patients with isolated maxillofacial fractures were assessed by analyzing axial images and also with 3D reconstructed images and coronal MPRs, x-ray face as needed.
8 chambers, rooms for detoxification and sterilization of materials, room for cardiology examination, orthopantogram
room, change room for employees and bathroom for handicapped people.
After taking full medical history, clinical examination and an orthopantogram
, randomization was then done by convenience sample technique.
The radiographs used most commonly for diagnosis of condylar fractures are orthopantogram
(OPG) and posteroanterior (PA) radiogram.
The degree of displacement of mandibular fracture was recorded from conventional radiographs like orthopantogram
(OPG), posteroanterior view of the face (PA- face), right and left lateral oblique view of the mandible.
For diagnosis Orthopantogram
(OPG) was the commonest radiograph used.
Diagnosis of Cervical spinal injuries were confirmed by clinical presentation and radiographic evaluation with or without neurologic deficits, the commonly radiographs were included orthopantograms
, Para-nasal sinuses view, posterio-anterior views of the mandible, lateral and anterio-posterior views of cervical spine and where appropriate Computerized Tomography.
Caries were recorded using mouth mirror, dental probe, orthopantograms
, periapical radiographs.
The cases fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected from Orthopantograms
from the Punjab Dental Hospital.