oropharyngeal


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

oropharyngeal

 [o″ro-fah-rin´je-al]
1. pertaining to the mouth and the pharynx.
2. pertaining to the oropharynx.

or·o·pha·ryn·ge·al

(ōr'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl), Avoid the incorrect phrase oral pharyngeal and the mispronunciation oropharynge'al.
Relating to the oropharynx.

oropharyngeal

/oro·pha·ryn·ge·al/ (-fah-rin´je-al)
1. pertaining to the mouth and pharynx.
2. pertaining to the oropharynx.

anthrax

Greek, anthrax, a burning coal, charbon, milzbrand Infectious disease An often fatal bacterial infection which occurs when Bacillus anthracis endospores, primarily of grazing herbivore–cattle, sheep, horses, mules–origin enter via skin abrasions, inhalation, or orally Pathogenesis Anthrax endospores germinate within macrophages, become vegetative bacteria, multiply within the lymphatics, enter the bloodstream and cause massive septicemia Clinical URI-like symptoms, followed by high fever, vomiting, joint pain, SOB, internal and external hemorrhage, hypotension, meningitis, pulmonary edema, shock sudden death; intestinal anthrax is caused by ingestion of contaminated meat; cutaneous anthrax is rare Diagnosis ELISA for capsule antigens–95+% senstivity, for protective antigen–72% sensitivity; detection of exotoxins in blood is unreliable Prevention Prophylaxis–6 wks with doxycycline or ciprofloxacin; vaccination, with anthrax vaccine absorbed; decontamination with aerosolized formalin Management Penicillin, doxycycline; if allergic to penicillin, chloramaphenicol, erythromycin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin See Bacillus anthracis, Cutaneous anthrax, Industrial anthrax, Inhalation anthrax.
Anthrax, clinical forms
Pulmonary
Almost universally fatal–due to inhalation of anthrax spores which germinate and produce toxins resulting in pleural effusions, hemorrhage, cyanosis, SOB, stridor, shock, death
Inhalation
Anthrax pneumonia, inhalational anthrax, pulmonary anthrax An almost universally fatal form due to inhalation of 1 to 2 µm pathogenic endospores which are deposited in alveoli, engulfed by macrophages and germinate en route to the mediastinal and peribronchial lymph nodes, produce toxins Clinical Mediastinal widening, pleural effusions, fever, nonproductive cough, myalgia, malaise, hemorrhage, cyanosis, SOB, stridor, shock, death, often accompanied by mesenteric lymphadenitis, diffuse abdominal pain, fever
Cutaneous
Once common among handlers of infected animals, eg farmers, woolsorters, tanners, brushmakers and carpetmakers in an era when brushes were from animals Clinical Carbuncle–a cluster of boils, that later ulcerates, resulting in a hard black center surrounded by bright red inflammation; rare cases which become systemic are almost 100% fatal
Gastrointestinal
After ingesting contaminated meat–2 to 5 days; once ingested spores germinate, causing ulceration, hemorrhagic and necrotizing gastroenteritis Clinical Fever, diffuse abdominal pain with rebound tenderness, melanic stools, vomit, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, shock; death is due to intestinal perforation or anthrax toxemia
Oropharyngeal
Uncommon, follows ingestion of contaminated meat Clinical Cervical edema, lymphadenopathy–causing dysphagia, respiratory difficulty
Anthrax meningitis
A rare, usually fatal complication of GI or inhalation anthrax with death occurring 1 to 6 days after onset of illness Clinical Meningeal symptoms, nuchal rigidity, fever, fatigue, myalgia, headache, N&V, agitation, seizures, delirium, followed by neurologic degeneration and death
.

or·o·pha·ryn·ge·al

(ōr'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl)
Relating to the oropharynx.

or·o·pha·ryn·ge·al

(ōr'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl)
Relating to oropharynx.

oropharyngeal

pertaining to the mouth and pharynx. Called also O/P.

oropharyngeal membrane
a transient embryonic membrane which separates the stomodeum from the pharyngeal cavity in the early fetus. Called also oral plate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Postoperative MRI of the head and neck shows a normal oropharyngeal space.
In conclusion, although oropharyngeal tularemia is the most common clinical form in Turkey, tularemia is endemic in our region and may exhibit atypical involvement, as in our case.
The Lemierre syndrome: Suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein secondary to oropharyngeal infection.
The report reviews pipeline therapeutics for Oropharyngeal Cancer by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
First described in 1972, TLM has a robust literature and has documented utility in the resection of oropharyngeal tumors.
Oropharyngeal leak pressure values are commonly performed with the LMA to indicate the degree of airway protection, the feasibility for using positive pressure ventilation, and the likelihood of successful supraglottic airway placement.
A review of the Oropharyngeal Candidiasis products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
20) Theoretically, the 9-valent vaccine, with protection against HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, and 52, may be an optimal choice to prevent HPV-induced oropharyngeal cancer because of its broad coverage.
Over the past three decades, while tobacco use and oral cavity cancers associated with tobacco use have declined, the occurrence of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers has escalated.
Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and specifically HPV type 16 infection, causes up to a 50-fold increase in HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).
Oropharyngeal cancers include malignancies that occur where the oral cavity and pharynx merge, including in the palatine and lingual tonsils, the posterior 1/3 (base) of the tongue, the soft palate, and the posterior pharyngeal wall.
Patients positive for the human papillomavirus have nearly twice the overall survival rate from recurrent oropharyngeal cancers as HPV-negative patients, Dr.