The American Academy of Orofacial Pain
(AAOP) defines temporomandibular disorder (TMD) as a group of painful and/or dysfunctional conditions related to the muscles of mastication, temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and related structures ((1)).
The psychological factor in musculoskeletal diseases, differential diagnosis of orofacial pain
, and chronic systemic diseases and medications used in the treatment should be taken into account (11,12).
Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/ TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications: Recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network* and Orofacial Pain
Special Interest Groupt.
5 to 35 mg/d (9) Orofacial pain
No 10 to 100 mg/d (10) Postherpetic No 10 to 160 mg/d (11) neuralgia Desipramine Neuropathic pain No 25 to 150 mg/d (12) XR: extended-release
The diagnosis of orofacial pain
can be quite difficult and often presents a serious challenge to most practitioners.
Almost half of sickle cell patients experience orofacial pain
2010) demonstrated that CT produced significantly antinociceptive effect in the orofacial pain
induced by formalin-, capsaicin- or glutamate-tests.
2014), which includes mouth opening limitation, orofacial pain
, and requires specific treatment to perform the established function to balance the stomatognathic system, thus improving the quality of life (Suvinen, Reade, & Dworkin, 2005; Al-Khotani et al.
They studied 153 patients with moderate to severe cognitive impairment by using the Orofacial Pain
Scale for Non-Verbal Individuals (OPS-NVI).
Atypical facial pan, orofacial pain
syndrome, including neuropathic orofacial pain
Facial pain is a common complaint: Up to 22% of adults in the United States experience orofacial pain
during any 6-month period.
The 17 chapters in this volume address orofacial pain