The damaging effect of virus can be evaluated at organ level
, and at the level of cellular alterations.
These equipment and software must allow the capture of plants at the cellular, tissue and organ level
, as well as at the level of whole plants with comprehensive qualitative processing for quality reconstruction in all three spatial dimensions (3D) as well as in the recorded time (4D) the possibility of using the best lighting quality and resolution when scanning.
They are (a) engineering of biological systems, (b) studying biophysico-chemical aspects of signalling, (c) understanding of the tissue and organ level
hierarchical assembly and (d) exploring systems biology.
Clinicians, biologists, and bioinformaticians examine the role of nucleic acids as molecular diagnostic tools at the systemic level, the organ level
, and the single-cell level.
It is clear that the expression of the stem cell factor gene results in the generation of specific signals to neighboring cells in the damaged heart resulting in improved outcomes at the molecular, cellular, and organ level
," said Roger J.
Does it happen at the organ level
, or does it happen locally?
This is the first hint from a higher organ level
of what may happen.
The first part of the book reviews modern concepts in basic cardiac electrophysiology, offering in-depth background necessary to integrate knowledge from the molecular to the organ level
and to support translation of that knowledge into practice.
The first aspect is that of structural changes at the organ level
, such as scarring, atrophy, or loss.
An organ level
, with the organs that perform the functions of the system: sensor, computer system, actuator, power supply source, mechanism.
Therapeutic hypothermia is believed to work by protecting critical tissues and organs (such as the brain, heart and kidneys) following ischemic or inflammatory events, by lowering metabolism and preserving cellular energy stores, thereby potentially stabilizing cellular structure and preventing or reducing injuries at the cellular, tissue and organ level
My purpose here is to reinforce the student's understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of a particular illness, beginning with the cell, linking the disease process to the organ level
, and then to the patient assessment.