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orbitals (ōrˑ·b·tlz),

n.pl shells surrounding the nucleus of an atom; contain negatively charged electrons. The arrangement and number of electrons in the outer shells determine the stability of the atom and its ability to form a covalent or ionic bond with another atom or molecule.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the orbital wave functions in those structures may be so sprawling and complex that perturbing them with a laser may yield emissions so tainted with extraneous information that scientists won't be able to make sense of them.
The outermost electrons of the atoms absorbed the energy and assumed ever-larger orbital distances from the atoms' nuclei.
Additionally we will now have an opportunity to sell Organik into Excalibur's worldwide client base," said Ernst Kallus, Vice President of Global Sales and Marketing, Orbital Software.
Through our partnership with Orbital we take information access and knowledge sharing to a new level.