opium


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opium

 [o´pe-um]
the air-dried milky exudation from unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum and P.album (the opium poppies). It contains some 25 alkaloids, the most important being codeine, morphine (from which heroin is derived), noscapine, papaverine, and thebaine, all of which can be used for their narcotic and analgesic effects. Opium is poisonous in large doses; because it is highly addictive, production and cultivation of the poppies is prohibited by most nations by international agreement, and its sale or possession for other than medical uses is strictly prohibited by federal, state, and local laws. See also drug abuse.

o·pi·um

(ō'pē-ŭm),
The air-dried milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum (family Papaveraceae) or the variant, P. album. Contains some 20 alkaloids, including morphine, noscapine, codeine, papaverine, and thebaine, about 10% all in varying amounts. Used as an analgesic, hypnotic, and diaphoretic, and for diarrhea and spasmodic conditions.
Synonym(s): gum opium, meconium (2)
[L. fr. G. opion, poppy-juice]

opium

/opi·um/ (o´pe-um) [L.] air-dried milky exudation from incised unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum or its variety album, containing some 20 alkaloids, the more important being morphine, codeine, and thebaine; the alkaloids are used for their narcotic and analgesic effect. Because it is highly addictive, opium production is restricted and cultivation of the plants from which it is obtained is prohibited by most nations under an international agreement.

opium

(ō′pē-əm)
n.
1. A bitter, yellowish-brown, strongly addictive narcotic drug prepared from the dried latex of unripe pods of the opium poppy and containing alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, and papaverine.
2. Something that numbs or stupefies.

opium

[ō′pē·əm]
Etymology: Gk, opion, poppy juice
a milky exudate from the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum and Papaver album yielding 9.5% or more of anhydrous morphine. It is an opioid analgesic, a hypnotic, and an astringent. Opium contains several alkaloids, including codeine, morphine, and papaverine. See also codeine, morphine sulfate, opium tincture, papaverine hydrochloride, paregoric.

opium

Substance abuse A narcotic from Papaver somniferum Pharmacologic effects Inhibits peristalsis–may induce constipation; used to ↓ GI cramps, diarrhea Overdose In excess, respiratory depression. See Heroin, Narcotic.

o·pi·um

(ō'pē-ŭm)
The air-dried milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum. Contains some 20 alkaloids, including morphine, noscapine, codeine, papaverine, and thebaine. Used as an analgesic, hypnotic, and diaphoretic, and for diarrhea and spasmodic conditions.
[L. fr. G. opion, poppy-juice]

o·pi·um

(ō'pē-ŭm)
The air-dried milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum or the variant, P. album; used as an analgesic, hypnotic, and diaphoretic, and to treat diarrhea and spasmodic conditions.
[L. fr. G. opion, poppy-juice]

opium (ō´pēəm),

n the actual juice of the poppy,
Papaver somniferum. It contains morphine, codeine, nicotine, narceine, and many other alkaloids.

opium

the air-dried milky exudation from unripe capsules of the opium poppy Papaver somniferum or its variety P. somniferum album. Opium contains some 25 alkaloids, the most important being morphine (from which heroin is derived), narcotine, codeine, papaverine, thebaine and narceine; the alkaloids are used for their narcotic and analgesic effect. It is poisonous in large doses. Because it is highly addictive, opium production and cultivation of opium poppies is prohibited by most nations by international agreement, and its sale or possession for other than medical or veterinary uses is strictly prohibited by law.

camphorated tincture of opium
opium poppy
see papaversomniferum.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the UNODC, political instability, rising insecurity, deep-rooted corruption both at government and private levels as well as lack of government control are among the major reasons behind unrestrained opium production and trade in Afghanistan.
Clinical aspects of opium adulterated with lead in Iran: a review.
The UNODC estimated that Myanmar's Shan and Kachin states cultivated 41,000 hectares of opium poppy in 2017, a 25 percent drop from the 54,500 hectares reported in its last survey in 2015.
39 billion and equivalent to roughly 7 per cent of Afghanistan's estimated GDP, the estimated farm-gate value of opium production in 2017 increased by 55 per cent when compared to 2016 levels.
We first examine the origins of Afghan opium production and provide a brief history of U.
We carried out a blood test and discovered that he had also consumed opium.
And morphine, of course, first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist Friedrich Serturner, is a mainstay of pain therapy.
Opium was significant enough in the kingdom of Burma for King Bodawhpaya (r.
The Karbonn Opium N9 smartphone also supports dual-SIM (GSM+GSM) with dual-standby.
The Customs Mobile Laboratory was also called in to take a sample of the seized items and it also reported that the substance was opium.
The UN report on Afghan opium production is a grim reminder of the losing battle against the deadly crop in the conflict-ridden country.
Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan reached a record high this year as farmers seek to "insure" themselves ahead of NATO forces' withdrawal next year, the United Nations said Wednesday.