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A traditional branch of metaphysics that deals with problems of being, existence, inner nature, meaning, etc. It is fundamental to problems involving normality and disease, individuality, responsibility, and the analysis of values. In recent years, it has been slowly assuming a place as a branch of medicine proper.


A formal specification of how to represent relationships among objects, concepts, and other entities belonging to a particular area of human experience or knowledge.

ontology (n·tˑ·l·gē),

n the metaphysical study of the state of being: focuses on the fundamentals of identity, disease, normalcy, and belief systems as they influence a person's existence.
References in periodicals archive ?
Developed over a 3-year period by on-staff ontologists, SmartTerms uses more than 855,000 terms, including 3,200 industry terms, 375 subject terms, 500 geographic location terms, 800,000 company names (approximately 60 percent public and 40 percent private), 8,000 publication names, and 46,000 related and secondary terms.
The mappings are determined in advance of run-time querying and typically require interaction among ontologists and supplier business analysts and database administrators to establish the semantics on both sides and, thereby, the appropriate semantic mappings.
Over the last two or three decades, puzzles concerning vagueness, identity, and material constitution have led an increasing number of ontologists to "eliminate" (deny the reality of) at least some of the objects of folk ontology.
The Jonangpas : A School of Buddhist Ontologists according to the `Grub mTha' Shel Gyi Melong.
was used as the main point of comparison, since its manually compiled resource lists can be viewed as representing judgments of "authority" by the human ontologists who compile them.
Ontologists stress the autonomy of texts, aestheticists the autonomy of the reader.
Naturalists deny the world and believe only in the universe; ontologists like Grossmann accept the world.
Section one (chapters one and two) focuses on the debate between ontologists and naturalists over the existence of non-spatiotemporal abstract entities.
It thus looks as if the precise ontologists are to the comprehensives as countable being is to epistemology or psychology, for the formula "to be is to be body" really means "to be is to be touchable," and "to be is to be an idea" really means "to be is to be intelligible.
These tools will allow PetroCosm's subject matter experts to create and maintain their content and interface with Requisite's Ontologists to ensure that the content adheres to the standards of Requisite's Unifying Structure (RUS)(TM).
With Guattari's caution in mind, and that of relational ontologists who suggest that nothing proceeds the relating, I want to propose that four modalities of duration (4) might be at stake in thinking with insensible subjects that bear on our understanding of how sense prefigures time:
As opposed to the ontologists who followed Rosmini, and who defended an Italian philosophy, this new Academy proposed the Christian philosophy of St.

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