omphalocele


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omphalocele

 [om´fah-lo-sēl″]
protrusion, at birth, of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall at the umbilicus; see also umbilical hernia.
A large omphalocele with structure and contents of the hernial sac. From Betz et al., 1994.

om·phal·o·cele

(om'fal-ō-sēl, om'fă-lō-), [MIM*310980, MIM*164570]
Congenital herniation of viscera into the base of the umbilical cord, with a covering membranous sac of peritoneum-amnion. The umbilical cord is inserted into the sac here, in contradistinction to its attachment in gastroschisis.
See also: umbilical hernia.
[omphalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

omphalocele

/om·pha·lo·cele/ (om´fah-lo-sēl″) protrusion, at birth, of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall at the umbilicus.

omphalocele

[om′fəlōsēl′]
Etymology: Gk, omphalos + kele, hernia
congenital herniation of intraabdominal viscera through a defect in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus. The defect is usually closed surgically soon after birth. Compare gastroschisis.
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Omphalocele

omphalocele

A congenital periumbilical defect in which loops of small intestine prolapse into a sac covered by peritoneum and amnion.

Mechanism
Caused by a failure of the intestine at 10 weeks of embryonic development (a time when the gut is normally outside the abdomen) to return to the abdominal cavity.

omphalocele

Neonatology A congenital periumbilical defect in which loops of small intestine prolapse into a sac covered by peritoneum and amnion

om·phal·o·cele

(om-fal'ŏ-sēl)
Congenital herniation of viscera into the base of the umbilical cord, with a covering membranous sac of peritoneum-amnion.
See also: umbilical hernia
Synonym(s): exomphalos (3) , exumbilication (3) .
[omphalo- + G. kēlē, hernia]

omphalocele

Herniation of some of the abdominal contents into the umbilical cord.

Omphalocele

A congenital hernia in which a small portion of the fetal abdominal contents, covered by a membrane sac, protrudes into the base of the umbilical cord.
Mentioned in: Prenatal Surgery

omphalocele

protrusion, at birth, of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall at the umbilicus.
References in periodicals archive ?
About one in 10,000 births result in some form of an omphalocele, and about 25 to 40 percent of infants with an omphalocele have other birth defects, as well.
The investigators concluded that using asthma medications during the critical period of pregnancy carried no increased risk of isolated neural tube defects, omphalocele, or limb reduction.
There also were small but significant associations with anencephaly (based on 9 exposed neonates), craniosynostosis (based on 24 exposed neonates), and omphalocele (based on 11 exposed neonates).
Gastroschisis and omphaloceles comprise the most common fetal abdominal wall defects.
However, there was a significant association between the use of sertraline (Zoloft) specifically and both omphalocele (odds ratio 5.
Omphalocele is one of the most common fetal abdominal wall defects.
Data obtained from a large, ongoing population-based, case-control study show that women who used any SSRI between 1 month before and 3 months after conception had a significantly increased likelihood of having an infant with omphalocele, compared with those who reported no SSRI exposure during pregnancy (adjusted odds ratio, 3.
Demographic and environmental risk factors for gastroschisis and omphalocele in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.
On the physical examination down slanted palpebral fissures, hypertelorism, micrognathia, short neck, extrathoracic heart with visible pulsations, supraumbilical abdominal wall defect, omphalocele between sternum and umbilicus were observed (Fig.
They found no association between maternal use of SSRIs during pregnancy and heart defects, nor was there any association with craniosynostosis, omphalocele, or neural tube defects.
They observed statistically significantly increased risks of omphalocele in relation to [PM.
Extrarenal anomalies associated with horseshoe kidney include congenital heart defects (such as ventricular septal defect and coarctation), central nervous system disorders (such as hydrocephalus and meningomyelocele), and various other gastrointestinal anomalies (such as omphalocele, tracheoesophageal fistula, and duodenal stenosis).