omental


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Related to omental: omental foramen, omental appendices, Omental cake

o·men·tal

(ō-men'tăl),
Relating to the omentum.
Synonym(s): epiploic

omental

/omen·tal/ (o-men´t'l) pertaining to the omentum.

omental

[ōmen′təl]
Etymology: L, omentum, membrane of the bowels
relating to the omentum.

o·men·tal

(ō-men'tăl)
Relating to the omentum.
Synonym(s): epiploic.

omentum

(o-ment'um) plural.omenta [L. omentum, adipose membrane]
Enlarge picture
OMENTUM
A double fold of peritoneum attached to the stomach and connecting it with certain of the abdominal viscera. It contains a cavity, the omental bursa (lesser peritoneal cavity). See: illustration

gastrocolic omentum

Greater omentum.

gastrohepatic omentum

Lesser omentum.

greater omentum

The portion of the omentum that is suspended from the greater curvature of the stomach and covers the intestines like an apron. It is the largest of the folds of the peritoneum. It dips in among the folds of the intestines and is attached to the transverse colon and mesocolon. It contains fat, prevents friction, and aids in localizing infections.
Synonym: gastrocolic omentum

lesser omentum

The portion of the omentum that passes from the lesser curvature of the stomach to the transverse fissure of the liver.
omental (o-ment'al), adjective

omental

pertaining to or emanating from the omentum.

omental bursitis
see intra-abdominal abscess.
omental hernia
passage of a loop of intestine through a tear in the omentum.
omental tear
see omental hernia (above).
omental veil
a lace-like omentum.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the procedure was introduced for patients with atherosclerosis by Casten and Aldy [19], it was thought that omental transposition works by supplying extra blood to the ischemic limb.
For example, women with higher subcutaneous fat mass exhibited both adipocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia, whereas increased omental fat was primarily due to hypertrophy (9).
4) For those who fail nonoperative therapy, the treatment of choice is omental patch closure of the duodenal perforation, which can be performed via a laparotomy (open) incision or laparoscopically.
Thickening of the visceral peritoneum may also be seen, although it tends to be associated with omental infarct.
A huge Omental Lymphangioma with extention into Labia Majorae: A case report.
3) With a diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary, full gynecologic staging should be undertaken, including completion of a total abdominal hysterectomy and a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, as well as peritoneal, omental, and lymph node biopsies as the case may dictate.
Glucocorticoids down-regulate glucose uptake capacity and insulin-signaling proteins in omental but not subcutaneous human adipocytes.
Differential regulation of adiponectin secretion from cultured human omental and subcutaneous adipocytes: effects of insulin and rosiglitazone.
Massive omental reticuloendothelial cell lipid uptake in Tangierdisease after splenectomy.
Methods: A prospective randomized study of 100 patients with large-sized (> 20 mm) duodenal peptic perforation comparing omental plugging (study group) with omentopexy (control group) was carried out.
Omental fat is freely moveable (3), and the most common contents of the hernia are omentum and transverse colon; however, the hernias have also been discovered to contain stomach, liver, cecum, terminal ileum, and ascending colon.
Perform four quadrant cell washings; inspect the small and large bowel; do a generous omental biopsy and an appendectomy for mucinous BOTs; perform random biopsies or Pap smear tests of the pelvic side walls, right hemidiaphragm, and the paracolic gutters; submit all adhesions to pathology; palpate the paraaortic and pelvic nodes; and, finally, do a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and a total abdominal hysterectomy, except in those patients who are younger and want to preserve their fertility.