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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Maintaining a conviction of never off duty instills a disciplined standard of living and will help guide decisions that may in fact prevent or avoid a poor plan or a poor choice.
The off duty police officer only graduated from police academy two months ago.
That is precisely the situation that Gordon Brown now wishes to change, by having them wear their uniforms at all times including when they are off duty.
Details of whether the offences were committed on or off duty were not revealed by South Wales Police, but a spokeswoman for the force said that in the vast majority of cases, officers were found to have a "legitimate" reason for exceeding the speed limit.
LAPD and Sheriff's Department officers are allowed to carry weapons off duty, but are required to undergo periodic weapons-training courses.
Chief Supt Stephen Dugmore, from Sutton Coldfield police station, said: "PC Smith went beyond the call of duty while off duty with his children.
Take action; talk with the shipmates in your shop and other shops about being safe when you get off duty.
An off duty police officer arrested the driver of a stolen vehicle after his off duty colleague was assaulted.
Phil Davies, manager of Mid and South Wales Safety Camera Partnership, added: 'Police officers on and off duty have to comply with the law.
Gay Wilson, who was off duty at the time, was travelling on an American Airlines flight when she went to the toilet and claimed to have found a bomb note.
When they go off duty, the process of "coming down" begins to take effect on the body and mind.
Ex-soldier Sheila Higham was awarded a war pension even though she was off duty during the attack.