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the act of blocking or clogging. See obstruction.


GI disease Impairment of the fecal flow of GI contents Clinical Sx reflect point of obstruction and type of ileus; paralytic ileus causes little pain and is first evident through abdominal distension and vomiting; post-operative paralytic ileus may manifest itself through ↑ nasogastric secretions or oliguria; mechanical ileus is associated with vomiting, abdominal colic, distension and constipation, which may be episodic with intermittent relief by production of voluminous, watery stools Management Stabilize, decompress, repair. See Meconium ileus, Paralytic ileus.
Ileus types
Adynamic Paralytic ileus, 2º to electrolyte derangements, mesenteric arterial vascular accidents, peritoneal irritation, surgery, trauma, paraneoplastic phenomena
• Obstructive Intraluminal tumors, intussusception, gallstones, bezoar, feces, foreign bodies
• Intrinsic lesions Atresia, stenosis, strictures due to neoplasms, inflammation, chemicals, vascular lesions
• Extrinsic lesions Adhesive bands from C-sections, previous surgery, hernias, neoplasia, abscesses, volvulus, hematomas 


having the characteristic of obstruction.

obstructive colic
see equine colic.
obstructive constipation
constipation of sufficient severity as to obstruct the rectum.
obstructive pulmonary disease
see chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
obstructive shock
circulatory failure caused by physical obstruction, e.g. cardiac tamponade or pulmonary embolism.
obstructive urolithiasis
see ureteral, urethral obstruction.
obstructive uropathy
any obstructive disease of the urinary tract.

Patient discussion about obstructive

Q. I recently had my surgery for bowel obstruction? I recently had my surgery for bowel obstruction? None of the diet was restricted for me by doctor but should I go for any special diet.

A. I had surgery in 08/08 during having a c-section and hernia repair, and I'm having diarrhea all the time. I don't know what to eat nor what medicines to take. Only Immodium AD helps temporary. If I have an appointment, I don't eat breakfast or lunch. I come home and eat dinner. About 30 minutes after eating, I'm in the bathroom. Can someone help me please? I have to return back to work next month, and I don't want to be in the bathroom more than I am at my desk.

Q. (COPD)chronic obstructive pulmonary disease the main causes of?

A. Mainly smoking, although ambient air pollution and industrial exposure to dust have also been implicated as causes.

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More discussions about obstructive
References in periodicals archive ?
Physicians use these products in sialendoscopy, a minimally invasive procedure for visualizing and treating obstructive salivary gland disorders through the salivary ducts.
Drinking large amounts of soft drinks was associated with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a recent study.
UNITED KINGDOM -- Obstructive sleep apnea may cause changes in blood vessel function that reduces blood supply to the heart in people who are otherwise healthy, according to new research.
Further research also is warranted on the possibility that treating obstructive sleep apnea might affect the development or progression of retinopathy or neuropathy, said Dr.
Their study is the first to show blood vessel abnormalities in otherwise healthy people with obstructive sleep apnea.
lt;p>Meantime, in the Netherlands, Air Liquide said it completed the acquisition of Comcare Medical, a company specializing in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea.
Patients scheduled for elective surgery requiring general anaesthesia and hospital admission were assessed for risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) using history, body mass index and upper airway examination to determine any relation between OSA risk and the rate of respiratory events after surgery.
The papers discuss the following topics: mandibular advancement appliances for sleep disordered breathing, the MEDUNSA anti-snoring device for managing obstructive sleep apnea, surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome with radio frequency, patient education, acoustical fingerprints of apneas and their clinical relevance, pediatric obstructive sleep apnea and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep respiratory disease and occupational medicine, magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in adults, urological aspects of obstructive sleep apnea, disturbed metabolism in patients with obstructive sleep apnea, and obstructive sleep apnea and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
If preliminary results from an ongoing study are accurate, low baseline total serum testosterone levels could be a marker for obstructive sleep apnea in older men, Yao Schmidt reported at the Western regional meeting of the American Federation for Medical Research.
This is due to pneumonia in children and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer in women.
SAN DIEGO -- A small study has found that treating obstructive sleep apnea in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome lowered their cortisol levels at night as well as during the daytime.
31,32) Sleep-disordered breathing in children has been studied with the Obstructive Sleep Apnea 18 (OSA- 18) (33) and the Obstructive Sleep Disorders 6 (OSD-6).