oasthouse urine disease
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Related to oasthouse urine disease: oasthouse syndrome
oasthouse urine disease[ōst´hows]
methionine malabsorption syndrome.
oast·house u·rine dis·ease
an autosomal recessively inherited metabolic defect in the absorption of methionine that is converted by intestinal bacteria to α-hydroxybutyric acid; characterized by diarrhea, tachypnea, and marked urinary excretion of α-hydroxybutyric acid (causing an odor like that of an oasthouse).
[oast, kiln for drying hops, malt, or tobacco]
oasthouse urine diseaseMetabolic disease A rare AR disorder characterized by ↑ α-hydroxybutyric acid in urine and stools, due to defective intestinal absorption of methionine and other amino acids; the GI bacteria ferment the excess methionine into α-hydroxybutyric, α-ketobutyric, and α-aminobutyric acids which are absorbed and excreted imparting an oasthouse-ish odor, Clinical White hair, failure to thrive, seizures, hypotonia, edema, mental retardation; α-hydroxybutyric acid may also rarely appear in the urine of Pts with PKU
Smith,Allan J., 20th century English physician.
Smith-Strang disease - autosomal recessive disease with onset of loss of response to stimuli, mental deterioration, edema, and white hair shortly after birth. Synonym(s): methionine malabsorption syndrome; oasthouse urine disease